​The Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 

Canterbury, Willem.  Initial mark mm2.

London, Nicole. This is maybe a late 2a; note the unusual initial mark.

Bury St Edmunds, Jon. Initial mark mm2.

2a Examples

Class 2a


The introduction of class 2 is marked by a change in the obverse legend to hENRICVS REX TERCI'.  The first class 2 pennies, sub-class 2a, have a bust of class 1 type and typically initial mark type 2 or a variation thereof.  These were issued prior to the expansion of minting to the provinces.   Sub-class 2b pennies were the first to be minted in the provincial mints; they have a characteristic narrower bust, and usually initial mark type 3.  

​In Ron Churchill's book on the Mints and Moneyers of the Brussels Hoard he outlines the timing of these class 2 coins - he mentions concerns related to the lack of coinage in remoter parts of the country following the introduction of the voided long cross pennies. Consequently class 2 dies were sent out from London to Canterbury and Bury and then the provincial mints as soon as possible. Churchill believes that London would have started to ​strike class 2a coins in mid-December 1247, with Canterbury following about two weeks later - i.e on/about the start of 1248.  Bury, Churchill believes, started minting around 16th December 1247.  

​The provincial mints commenced a little later, and starting with sub-class 2b.​Class 2a coins are thus known for London, Bury and Canterbury only.  A selection of obverses is shown further down the page. A feature of class 2a is that they are the first VLC pennies to return to the practice of giving the moneyers' name on the reverse.  ​

Mints and moneyers are:

London: Nicole
Bury: Ion​
Canterbury: Nicole & Gilbert​, and Willem.