​The Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 

Gloucester, Ricard.. Beard composed of pellets.Initial mark mm3. X2.

London, Nicole. Beard composed of pellets.Initial mark mm3. X2.

Exeter, Jon. Beard composed of pellets.Initial mark mm3. X2.

Lincoln, Jon. Beard composed of pellets.Initial mark mm3. X1.

2b2 Examples 

Bury St Edmunds, Jon. Beard composed of pellets and strokes, initial mark mm3. X1.

Canterbury, Nicole.. beard composed of pellets, initial mark mm3. Legend reads TERC not TERCI. X1.

Examination of the number of 2b coins found in both the Brussels and Colchester hoards gives a rough idea of the relative abundance or scarcity of the different mints.


The graph clearly shows that London, not unexpectedly is the commonest mint, with Canterbury being fairly common also. 


All 2b coins from Bury and the provincial mints are scarcer, with Northampton and especially Norwich 2b coins being the rarest.

2b1 Examples 

Sub-classes 2b1 & 2b2



​Sub-class 2b marks the start of the provincial phase, in which selected mints around the country were re-opened for a short period to ​enable the high coin production rate needed to place a sufficient quantity of the new coinage into circulation.  The 2b coins are distinguished by a new style of characteristic bust, and typically have as initial mark the regular six pointed star described as mm3 by Churchill and Thomas.   2b1 has a non-symmetric X in the obverse legend and 2b2 has a symmetric X. (Churchill and Thomas X1 and X2 respectively).  Provincial mints opened for Class 2b either struck 2b1 or 2b2, not both. A table of Mints and moneyers is shown on the right.