​The Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 

About this site

- How the site is organized, & Key References


There are three main sections - relating to Henry's long cross pennies of English mints, Ireland and finally continental imitations.


The English section is subdivided by mints - firstly the major mints of London and Canterbury and the ecclesiastical mints of Durham and Bury St Edmunds, then all the provincial mints are featured in alphabetical order.  Coins for each mint are shown in class order, with moneyers alphabetically under each class. Throughout the site the classification scheme of Churchill & Thomas ("C&T") is used. Website users should realise that there is a lot of variation and transition amongst these long cross coins and that some coins will not clearly fall into the C&T classification scheme. The menu item "Values" provides an index to all the coins on the site, including their current values, and is organised by class rather than mint.  Most coin images have now been hyperlinked to the relevant valuation list. Click or double-click on a coin image to see coin values, and use your browser back button to return to the page you were on.


Notes: (1)   I have occasionally abbreviated the two major hoards, the Brussels Hoard and the Colchester Hoard, as “BH” and “CH”.   (2)   The letter I at the beginning of a moneyers name represents a J.  So in my notes  I usually refer to Jon not Ion,  Jerveis not Ierveis and Jacob not Iacob.  Also note that Jacob is the latinised form (Jacobius) of James e.g  “Iacob” appears on coins of Bristol for the moneyer James la Warre.



Key reference material used on this website is as follows:


General:


​M M Archibald and B J Cook, English Medieval Coin Hoards: I Cross and Crosslet, Short Cross and Long Cross hoards, British Museum Occasional Paper 87, 2001- for the detailed description of the Colchester Hoard in particular.


Cassidy, R,  Richard of Cornwall and the Royal Mints and Exchanges, 1247-59, in The Numismatic Chronicle, 2012

Churchill, R. & Thomas, B. The Brussels Hoard of 1908. The Long Cross Coinage of Henry III. London, 2012

Churchill, R. Mints & Moneyers During The Reign of Henry III. London, 2012.

Wren, Christopher R, The Voided Long-Cross Coinage 1247-1279, An Illustrated Guide to Identification, 80pp, 2nd edition, 2006


The Irish Issues:


The Irish Coinage of Henry III, 1251to 1254 - website by John Stafford, 2006


Dykes, D. "The Irish Coinage of Henry III" - BNJ XXXII, 1963



Continental Imitations


J. J. North - Some imitations and forgeries of the English and Irish Long Cross pence of Henry III. British Numismatic Journal 65 (1995), 83-119, 4 pls.


J. J. North - Some imitations and forgeries of the English and Irish Long Cross pence of Henry III: Corrected catalogue. British Numismatic Journal 66 (1996), 117-22


Anonymous website of Sterling Imitations & Contemporary Forgeries



Other Online Resources


The Conte Collection, purchased by the Fitzwilliam Museum, contains some marvellous Henry III long cross pennies. These can be viewed online starting on this page.