​The Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 

Coin Ref # BLEL3189

Coin Ref # BLHN3093

Class 3ab1

Henri


Obv: hEHRICUS REX·III, IM type 3

Rev:  hEH/RIO/NBR/VST


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 12

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 4

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Br 4

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 5

Weight ................................................ 1.45 gm


Ex Lord Stewartby, coin auctioned by Spink, June 2016, lot# 630a. Images courtesy of Mark Winiger.

Page updated: Oct 26th 2016

Class 3ab1

Elis


Obv: hEHRICUS REXIII, IM type 3

Rev:  ELI/SON/BR/VST - ON ligated.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 16

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 2

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Br.2

Number of coins of this type in BH......... 15


images courtesy of John Wigley.

Coin Ref # BLRG3001

Coin Ref # BLJB3001

Coin Ref # BLWL3002

Coin Ref # BLWL3001

Coin Ref # BLHN3001

Coin Ref # BLEL3001

Class 3b

Walter (Walter of Paris)


Obv: hENRICUS REX·III
Rev:  WAL/TER/OHB/RVS​ - with AL, ER and OH  ligated.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 60

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 5

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Br.27

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 5


VF, toned, 1.33 gm.  Coin sold by Barry P Murphy.

Class 3bc

Jacob (James la Warre)


Obv: hENRICUS REX·III, necklines   MM 4.1
Rev:  IAC/OBO/NBR/VST- with OB & NB ligated.


C/T sub-type: Br 36 


Of five different types of Jacob 3bc, this was the most abundant in the BH, with 15 specimens present. 27 Jacob 3ab in total. Lightly toned, almost extremely fine with some lustre.  Image courtesy of A H Baldwin & Sons Ltd, London, coin ex Brussels Hoard and sold at Baldwin's Auction #77, Sept. 2012, Lot #2459

Class 3bc

Roger (possibly Roger de Enveyse)


Obv: hENRICUS REX·III, no necklines
Rev:  ROG/ERO/NBR/VST - with ER & NB ligated.


C/T sub-type: Br 41 


Roger is the scarcest moneyer for Bristol, with only 21 coins present in the BH - 15 for class 3bc. Three different major types present; this type with eight specimens.  Image courtesy of A H Baldwin & Sons Ltd, London, coin ex Brussels Hoard and sold at Baldwin's Auction #77, Sept. 2012, Lot #2460


Class 3b

Walter (Walter of Paris)


Obv: hENRICUS REX·III
Rev:  WAL/TER/ONB/RVS​ - with AL, ER and probably NB ligated.


C/T sub-type: Br 29 


Of five different types this was the most abundant in the BH, with 46 specimens present. Flan slightly buckled, about very fine. Image courtesy of A H Baldwin & Sons Ltd, London, coin ex Brussels Hoard and sold at Baldwin's Auction #77, Sept. 2012, Lot #2458

Class 3b

Henri (Henry Langbord)


Obv: hENRICUS REX·III
Rev:  hEN/RIO/NBR/VST​ - with EN and NB ligated. Second quadrant clearly shows RIO not RHO.


C/T sub-type: Br 19 


Notes: Advertised in the Baldwin's auction catalogue as BR 17, but in fact this appears to be the more abundant Br 19. Light coloured tone, good very fine. Image courtesy of A H Baldwin & Sons Ltd, London, coin ex Brussels Hoard and sold at Baldwin's Auction #77, Sept. 2012, Lot #2457


Class 3ab1

Elis (Elyas of Aby)


Obv: hENRICUS REX·III
Rev:  ELI/SON/BR/VST - with ON ligated


C/T sub-type: Br 2


Notes: 16 3ab1 coins of Elis in the BH - two types present; this being the most common with 15 specimens.  A little off-centre, lightly toned, good very fine Image courtesy of A H Baldwin & Sons Ltd, London, coin ex Brussels Hoard and offered (but unsold) at Baldwin's Auction #77, Sept. 2012, Lot #2456

 Bristol


A mint was established in the Saxon burgh of Brycgstow by the 10th century and the town rose to prominence in the Norman era. By the 13th century Bristol had become a busy port. Woollen cloth and wheat were exported, and wine from Gascony and Bordeaux, along with Spanish sherry and Toledo steel were major imports. There is also evidence of extensive trade with Iceland, Ireland, France and Spain. A stone bridge was built across the Avon, c. 1245-7 and between the years of 1240 and 1247 a Great Ditch was constructed in St Augustine's Marsh to straighten out the course of the River Frome and provide more space for berthing ships.

Being an important city, Bristol had one of several provincial mints. The mint in Bristol was housed in various buildings at different times. An indenture by William Turnmire, Master of the Tower Mint, dated 8th December 1279, named a mint in Bristol to hold twelve furnaces. It actually opened in on 2nd January 1280 with the Mint Keeper being the Constable of the Castle, Peter de la Mare. At the time it was probably easier to move bullion around rather than transport coins from a central, national mint. The mint in Bristol wasn't in full time use, it would produce enough coin for local needs then cease production. So, when the mint was opened in 1280 it only operated for less than two years before being shut down again in the autumn of 1281. During that period it had minted around £40,000 worth of coins. New quarters were built for mint working in 1300 inside the castle and another minting took place between then and 1302. Until then, the mint the Bristol Mint struck only silver coins (halfpennies, pennies, half-groats and groats). The mint was then closed until 1465.

Unusual for a provincial mint in Henry III's time in that we have five moneyers active; one having been replaced by another.  The moneyers active at Bristol were Elyas of Aby,  Henry Langbord, James La Warre, Roger (possibly the Roger from Gloucester) and Walter of Paris. It being Roger that replaced Henry.  Classes present are 3ab1, 3b, 3bc and 3c; the latter by far the rarest with only three specimens recorded in the BH.