​The Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 

Class 3ab1

John

 

Obv: hEHRICVS REX•III’,

Rev:  IOH/OHC/ARL/EL:, with OH & AR ligated. 


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH...........24

Number of different C&T types in BH.......... 3 Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin....  Car 4 Number of coins of this type in BH............ 2

Weight................................................ 1.34 gm

Condition.................................About very fine


Notes:   Image courtesy of Dix Noonan Webb; coin auctioned as class 3b on Dec 8th 2014, lot # 2245.

Class 3ab1

William

 

Obv: Bearded portrait facing, hENRICVS REX•III’
Rev:  WIL/LEM/OHC/ARL, open C.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 10

Number of different C&T types in BH........ 2

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin....Car.10 Number of coins of this type in BH............2


Notes:  Image courtesy of Dix Noonan Webb, coin auctioned Sept 2014, part of lot # 2266. Provenance: First ‘Cumbria’ Collection, Spink Auction 210, 13 December 2011, lot 134​

Class 3ab1

Ion  (John of Bolton)


Obv: hEHRICUS REX III'.    HR ligated, pellet between REX and III. Initial mark 3. 3ab style bust.   No neck.


Rev: ION/ON/CAR/LEL - pellet on 2q N, AR ligated. RIC: 8.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH.......24 

Number of different C&T types in BH......3 

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin...Car 5 

Number of coins of this type in BH..........13  


Notes:  Images courtesy of the finder of the 2015 Bridgnorth Area Hoard.  [Finder's ref # 91]


Coin Ref # CRJN3038

Coin Ref # CRWM3001

Coin Ref # CRJN3008

Page updated Jun 6th 2017

Coin Ref # CRWM3002

Coin Ref # CRRT3002

Coin Ref # CRRT3001

Coin Ref # CRJN3002

Coin Ref # CRJN3001

Coin Ref # CRAD3003

Coin Ref # CRAD3002

Coin Ref # CRAD3001

Class 3ab1

Robert of Chilay

 

Obv: hEHRICVS REX•III’.

Rev:  ROB/ERT/ONC/ARL - with OB, ON and AR ligated.

Coins of this class & moneyer in BH..........16  

Number of different C&T types in BH..........3 Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Car.8 Number of coins of this type in BH............ 9 


Provenance: The William Conte collection.  ex North; ex Colchester hoard.

Images: © The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. Accession number:  CM.1371-2001 

Class 3ab1

John of Bolton

 

Obv: Bearded portrait facing, hENRICVS REX•III’

Rev:  ION/ON/CAR/LEL, 2q N has pellet on x-bar, AR ligated. RIC: 7-8.

Coins of this class & moneyer in BH.......... 24

Number of different C&T types in BH...........3 Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Car.5 Number of coins of this type in BH............ 13


Notes:  Image courtesy of Dix Noonan Webb, coin auctioned Sept 2014, lot # 2264. Provenance: J.P. Mass Collection, Part I, DNW Auction 61, 17 March 2004, lot 430 (part) [from Spink].

Class 3ab1

Adam Caperun

 

Obv: Bearded portrait facing, hEHRICVS REX•III’

Rev:  ADA/MO/NC/ARL,  AD, and AR are ligated.  
RIC: 7.5

Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 12

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 3

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Car.3

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 4


Notes:   Image courtesy of Dix Noonan Webb, coin auctioned Sept 2014, lot # 2263.

The rarest of the provincial mints - just beating Wallingford when looking at the number of coins in both major hoards.  The Brussels hoard book documents 146 Carlisle pennies from class 3ab1 to 3c. The vast majority of the coins are for classes 3ab1 and 3b, whereas there were only 9 coins of class 3bc and one of class 3c. Half of the Brussels hoard pennies were from John of Bolton, an unpopular man in Carlisle; the other three moneyers being Adam Caperun, Robert of Chilay and William of Thiparun. Coins of William are the rarest in the Brussels hoard.  The Colchester hoard contained 38 Carlisle coins.

Note: The abbreviation "RIC" refers to reverse inner circle, and gives a count of the pellets per quadrant. This parameter can be helpful in sub-class identification and die comparison.

Class 3ab1

John of Bolton

 

Obv: Bearded portrait facing, hENRICVS REX•III’

Rev:  ION/ON/CAR/LEL, 2q N has pellet on x-bar, AR ligated.

Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 24

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 3

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Car.5 Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 13


Notes:   Soft strike, reverse a little off-centre, otherwise very fin,.  Image courtesy of A H Baldwin & Sons Ltd, London, coin ex Brussels Hoard and sold at Baldwin's Auction #77, Sept. 2012, Lot #2463

Class 3ab1

Adam Caperun

 

Obv: hEHRICVS REX III, with pellet after REX. HR ligated.

Rev:  ADA/MO/NC/ARL with pellet between N and C. AD and AR ligated. Unusually, the N is retrograde. Also note there appears to be a pellet between the end of ON and the beginning of CARL.   RIC: 7-9


C/T sub-type: Car.1


Notes:  Obverse slightly double struck, irregular flan from strike, otherwise very fine.​   Image courtesy of A H Baldwin & Sons Ltd, London, coin ex Brussels Hoard and sold at Baldwin's Auction #77, Sept. 2012, Lot #2461- but advertised as class 3bc.

Class 3ab1

Adam Caperun

 

Obv: Bearded portrait facing, hEHRICVS REX•III’
Rev:  ADA/MO/NC/ARL, 2q N has pellet on x-bar, AD, and AR are ligated.   RIC: 7.

Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 12

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 3

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Car.3

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 4


Notes:   There are three different recorded reverses for Adam 3ab1 in the BH- with variation on spelling in the 3rd quadrant. 2 of the 12 BH coins are spelt HC, the others NC - some with a pellet on the N.  Offered for sale on Ebay,June 2014.

Class 3ab1

Robert of Chilay

 

Obv: hEHRICVS REX•III’.

Rev:  ROB/ERT/ONC/ARL - with OB, ON and AR ligated.

Coins of this class & moneyer in BH..........16  

Number of different C&T types in BH..........3 Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Car.8 Number of coins of this type in BH............ 9 


Notes:   Some weakness, otherwise very fine. Image courtesy of A H Baldwin & Sons Ltd, London, coin ex Brussels Hoard and sold at Baldwin's Auction #77, Sept. 2012, Lot #2465

Class 3ab1

William

 

Obv: Bearded portrait facing, hENRICVS REX•III’
Rev:  WIL/LEM/ONC/ARL,


C/T sub-type: Car.11 


Notes:  Rim turned at top from strike, a little off-centre, very fine.  Image courtesy of A H Baldwin & Sons Ltd, London, coin ex Brussels Hoard and​ sold at Baldwin's Auction #77, Sept. 2012, Lot #2467

Carlisle

Introduction and Class 3ab1


Carlisle was an  important frontier town, frequently besieged during the wars between the English and the Scots,  In 1135 Carlisle was taken possession of by David King of Scots, and in 1173, it was ineffectually besieged by William, King of Scotland; who returning the next year,  and continued the siege for several months. The garrison was relieved by the capture of the Scottish king at Alnwick. His successor, Alexander, took the city in 1216. Carlisle was surrendered to the English in 1217, and Walter de Grey Archbishop of York, sent to take possession of the castle.  In 1296, Carlisle was besieged for four days by a number of Scottish nobles; but  the siege was abandoned after three days. William Wallace, passing that way with his army, found the garrison prepared, and did not stay to besiege it.