​The Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 

Coin Ref # DRRC5010

Class 5c2 (Late?)

Ricard


Obv: hENRICVS REX III   Almond shaped eyes, Letter types: X4/R1 - note the extensions on the R wedges. Disjointed central fleur.


Rev: RIC/ARD/OHD/VRh’​ with AR, & HD ligated. RIC:7-8.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 144

5c2 Reverse Group..............................    C/D

# of coins from this group in BH...............33


Notes:  Coin may have a double-barred A which would mean it  has characteristics of groups C & D.   Image courtesy of Halls Hammered Coins  ​Ref# HHC-2220

Class 5c2 (Late?)

Ricard


Obv: hENRICVS REX III   Almond shaped eyes, Letter types: X4/R1

Rev: RIC/ARD/OND/VRh’​ with AR, & ND ligated. RIC:7-8.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 144

5c2 Reverse Group..................................  A

# of coins from this group in BH...............44


Notes: The right side pellet is detached from the central stalk, and the left hand side stalk is almost detached. 

Image courtesy of Halls Hammered Coins   ​Ref# HHC-2219



Class 5c coins are recognised by their oval rather than round eyes.  Normally 5c1 coins have a ball-shaped R and 5c2 a wedge shaped R, but note that the letter R on some Durham coins can be unusual compared to other mints, and show an extension to the wedge shape.     Popular wisdom is that there were no 5c3 coins issued at Durham. 

The different reverse dies of the 5c2 coins may be placed in one of 4 groups as shown in the table.

DRRC5014


Enlargement of ligated AR showing possible double-barred A.


Class 5c2

Ricard


Obv: hENRICVS REX III   Almond shaped eyes, Letter types: X4/R1

Rev: RIC/ARD/OND/VRh’​ with AR, & ND ligated.

Single-barred A, no pellet on N.  RIC: 7-8.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 144

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 26

5c2 Reverse Group..................................  A

# of coins from this group in BH...............44

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... D.19

Number of coins of this type in BH...........12


Notes:  Good very fine, one of only 12 in the Brussels Hoard.​  Image courtesy of A.H. Baldwin & Sons, London.  Coin ex Brussels Hoard and was auctioned 27th Sept., 2012, Lot # 2454

Class 5c2

Ricard


Obv: hENRICVS REX III   Almond shaped eyes, Letter types: X4/R1

Rev: RIC/ARD/OND/VRh’​ with AR, & ND ligated. Single-barred A, no pellet on N.  RIC:7-8.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 144

5c2 Reverse Group..................................  A

# of coins from this group in BH...............44


Notes:  Coin is ex the William Conte collection, ex North; ex Spink 11.2.1977. Images: © The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. Accession number:  CM.1507-2001

Coin Ref # DRRC5012

Coin Ref # DRRC5009

Coin Ref # DRRC5013

Durham

Class 5c


One of the rights enjoyed by the Bishops of Durham as Palatine Princes was that of coining silver pennies and smaller denominations, a right maintained until 1536 when the mint was closed under Henry VIII. The ecclesiastical mint was situated on Palace Green, and it operated intermittently throughout Henry III’s reign.  In terms of coins recovered from the Brussels hoard there were several periods of operation. The earliest phase saw coins issued coins under Ricard, and the last period under Roger. After the closure of the Brussels hoard coins were issued by Roberd/Robert (same person?) and by William. The initial minting of Henry III pennies may have been as late as June 1253, However Durham coins of 5a3 and 5b2 are known – old irons may have been used at first. The letter R on Durham coins can be different to that of other mints. There are no coins of 5d, 5e or 5f known from Durham.  The mint reopened after a temporary closure about 1260 with a new moneyer, Roger, who was later replaced by William.  William 5g coins of Durham are very rare.  Finally, coins from a later moneyer, Robert/Roberd, are known for classes 6 and 7. 


Reference : Allen, Martin Robert (1999), The Durham mint : the control, organization, profits and output of an ecclesiastical mint. Available as an e-thesis online, but which has been later updated and published in book form.

Class 5c2

Ricard


Obv: hENRICVS REX III   Oval eyes, 

Letter types: X4/R2

Rev: RIC/ARD/OND/VRh’   Pellet on N in 3rd quadrant.     RIC: 7-8.5


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........  144

5c2 Reverse die group.............................  B

# of coins from this group in BH...............42


Notes:    Image is of a coin in the Bob Thomas collection, and image kindly supplied by him.


Please note that this is the website author's suggested nomenclature, and is not a published scheme.

c.1255-60 : Temporary Closure of the Mint

  


Coin Ref # DRRC5011

Class 5c2

Ricard


Obv: hENRICVS REX III   Round eyes, 

Letter types: X4/R1

Rev: RIC/ARD/OND/VRh’  Probable pellet on N in 3rd quadrant.     RIC: 7-8


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........  144

5c2 Reverse die group..............................  B

# of coins from this group in BH...............42


Notes:    Image is of a coin in the Bob Thomas collection, and image kindly supplied by him.