​The Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 

Class 3a1

Robert (Robert Picon)


Obv: hENRICVS REX•III’ 

Rev: ROB/ERT/ONE/(CCT), with ER ligated. 4th quadrant difficult to decipher.


C/T Type: Ex.23


Notes: Slightly creased, cracked, brushed, darkly toned, fine and a very rare class, one of only six coins of this moneyer and class in the Brussels Hoard.​   Image courtesy of A.H. Baldwin & Sons, London.  Coin ex Brussels Hoard and was auctioned 27th Sept., 2012, Lot # 2471

Class 3b

Robert (Robert Picon)


Obv: hENRICVS REX•III’ 

Rev: ROB/ERT/ONE/CCE - with OB, ER, ON ligated


C/T Type: Ex.72


Notes: 67 Robert 3b coins in the BH, of four different types. Twenty of this type with no ligation to CCE.  Slight bend to flan, iridescent tone, extremely fine.   Image courtesy of A.H. Baldwin & Sons, London.  Coin ex Brussels Hoard and was auctioned 27th Sept., 2012, Lot # 2472

Coin Ref # EXRT3002

Class 3a1

Ion


Obv: hEHRICUS REX III'   - with HR ligated. IM  3.  


Rev: ION/ONE/CCE/TRE - ON ligated, RIC: 7-8


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH.........  8

Number of different C&T types in BH.......  3

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin..... Ex 16

Number of coins of this type in BH..........   4


Notes: Ex Lord Stewartby, coin auctioned by Spink, June 2016, lot # 624b.

Coin Ref # EXPP3002

Coin Ref # EXJN3001

Coin Ref # EXJN3079

Coin Ref # EXRT3001

Class 3ab1

Ion


Obv: hENRICUS REX III'   - with NR ligated. im  3.  


Rev: IOH/ON/ECC/ETR    RIC: 7-8


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH.........  65

Number of different C&T types in BH.......   5

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin..... Ex 38

Number of coins of this type in BH..........   5 


Notes: Scarce type.  Images courtesy of DNW, coin auction March 18th 2015, part of lot # 525 (coin #6)

Coin Ref # EXPP3001

Class 3a1

Philip Tinctor


Obv: hENRICVS REX•III’ 

Rev: PhI/LIP/ONE/CCE - no ligations


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH............... 21 Number of different C&T types in BH.............. 4 Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin........ Ex 21 Number of coins of this type in BH: ............... 3


Provenance: The William Conte collection.   Images: © The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. Accession number:  CM.1355-2001

Page updated: Sept 11th 2016

Class 3a1

Walter


Obv: hEHRICUS REX III'   - with HR ligated. IM  3.  


Rev: WAL/TER/OHE/CCE - The 3rd & 4th quarter "E"s are ligated with the cross-bar. AL ligated.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH.........  7

Number of different C&T types in BH.......  3

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin..... Ex. 26

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 4   


Notes: Ex Lord Stewartby, coin auctioned by Spink, June 2016, lot # 624a.

Exeter Mint


The mint may have been located in Rougemont Castle.  In 1232, Exeter's Castle, as well as many others, was seized by Henry III, who gave it to his younger brother, Richard, Earl of Cornwall. In 1286, Edward I. granted it to Matthew Fitzjohn for life; but it continued nevertheless, chiefly in the Earls of Cornwall. The mint at Exeter has a long history. From the very rare coins of Alfred the Great (871-99), though the Anglo-Saxon and Norman kings to the Medieval coinage up to 1300. Exeter did not mint coins again until the Civil War when coins were produced for the Royalist forces in 1644 and 1645. The final phase of coin production in Exeter was for the great recoinage ordered by William III in 1696-98. During Henry III's reign the Exeter mint was amongst the first group of provincial mints to commence operations, and all four moneyers there issued coins of class 2b2.   

Exeter pennies are not particularly scarce, with just over six hundred noted for the Brussels hoard, however there is a large disparity in the number of early coins versus later. Of the 603 coins in the Brussels hoard, about 15% are from classes 2b2, 3a1 and 3a2, and the remaining almost 85% from classes 3ab1 and 3b, with none for class 3c.  Moneyers active at Exeter were John of Egestone (Okiston), Philip Tinctor (Dyer), Robert Picon and Walter Okestone. 

Class 3a1

Philip (Philip Tinctor)


Obv: hENRICVS REX•III’


Rev: PhI/LIP/ONE/CCE - with ON ligated


C/T Type: Ex.20


Notes: Class 2 and 3a1/3a2 coins of Exeter are scarcer than the later 3ab1 and 3b coins. There were 42 3a1 pennies in the BH, half of which were of Philip.  Part raised rims, light tone, almost extremely fine.    Image courtesy of A.H. Baldwin & Sons, London.  Coin ex Brussels Hoard and was auctioned 27th Sept., 2012, Lot # 2470

Coin Ref # EXJN3078