​The Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 

Coin Ref # EXRT2072

Class 2b2

Jon (John of Egestone)


Obv: hENRICUS REX TERCI 

Rev: ION/ONE/CCE/TRE


C/T Type: Ex.4


Notes: Churchill and Thomas record seven Jon 2b2 coins from Exeter, in four different varieties. There was only one example of this type. All the other types have the moneyers name spelt as IOH rather than ION.   Image courtesy of DNW.  Coin was auctioned 6th Feb 2013, Lot 59.

Coin ref# EXPP2002

Class 2b1 (2b2?)

Robert  (Robert Picon)


Obv: hENRICUS REX III' - NR ligated. The letters SREX are unusually thin.  See notes below.  

Rev: ROB/ERT/ONE/CCE - OB, ER ON ligated. The reverse ligation is as C&T type Ex.8, but the obverse die is different.  RIC: 9-10.  


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........0   
Number of different C&T types in BH......0  
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin....N/A.

Weight .............................................. 1.41 gm  

Notes:  Ex Lord Stewartby, coin auctioned June 2016, lot # 615a. 

Coin Ref # EXJN2001

Class 2b2

Philip (Philip Tinctor)


Obv: hENRICUS REX TERCI,  mm3.

Rev: PHI/LIP/OHE/CCE


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 14

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 3

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Ex 6

Number of coins of this type in BH: ......... 8


Provenance: The William Conte collection. bt Spink; ex Woodhead; ex Baldwin March 1963; ex Durlacher sale 20.3.1899, lot 26.   Images: © The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. Accession number:  CM.1341-2001

Class 2b2

Jon (John of Egestone)


Obv: hENRICUS REX TERCI 

Rev: IOH/OHE/CCE/TRE, with OH ligated.


C/T Type: Ex.1


Notes: Churchill and Thomas record seven Jon 2b2 coins from Exeter, in four different varieties. There was only one example of this type.    Image courtesy of A.H. Baldwin & Sons, London.  Coin ex Brussels Hoard and was auctioned 27th Sept., 2012, Lot # 2469

Class 2b2

Philip (Philip Tinctor)


Obv: hEHRICUS REX TERCI   - with X type 2


Rev: PhI/LIP/OHE/CCE - no ligations.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 14  
Number of different C&T types in BH.......   3 
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin..... Ex.6
Number of coins of this type in BH..........  8


Notes: Ebay, March 2015

The Spink catalogue stated that: "Churchill and Thomas in ‘The Brussels Hoard’ p.27 note that although Exeter and Norwich would have received 2b1 dies, there is no known example from these two places. (This) coin however, has the curule X associated with 2b1 and not the later straight limbed X".    

Coin Ref # EXRT2002

Class 2b2

Robert  (Robert Picon)

Obv: hENRICUS REX III' - NR ligated.

Rev: ROB/ERT/[     ]/CCE   - 3rd quadrant flat, however the "OB" ligation tells us the C/T type.  RIC: 8.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........3   
Number of different C&T types in BH......3  
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin....Ex.8 
Number of coins of this type in BH......... 1


Notes:  Images courtesy of the finder of the 2015 Bridgenorth Area Hoard.  [Finders ref # 35]

Class 2b2

Philip (Philip Tinctor)


Obv: hEHRICUS REX TERCI   - with X type 2


Rev: PhI/LIP/OHE/CCE - no ligations.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 14  
Number of different C&T types in BH.......   3 
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin..... Ex.6
Number of coins of this type in BH..........  8

Weight.................................................. 1.38 gm


Notes: ex Lord Stewartby, coin auctioned by Spink, June 2016, lot# 615b.

Coin Ref # EXJN2002

Coin ref# EXPP2002

Coin Ref # EXPP2001

Coin Ref # EXRT2001

Class 2b2

Robert Picon


Obv: hEHRICUS REX TERCI           

Rev: ROB/ERT/ONE/CCE

C/T type: Ex 9


Scarcity: There were only 30 Exeter 2b2 coins in the Brussels Hoard, and the ones of Robert are the rarest, with only three in the hoard. This is one of the three C/T varieties, each variety having only one example in the hoard.


Notes: Robert was Robert Picon, about whom little is known.

Exeter Mint


The mint may have been located in Rougemont Castle.  In 1232, Exeter's Castle, as well as many others, was seized by Henry III, who gave it to his younger brother, Richard, Earl of Cornwall. In 1286, Edward I. granted it to Matthew Fitzjohn for life; but it continued nevertheless, chiefly in the Earls of Cornwall. The mint at Exeter has a long history. From the very rare coins of Alfred the Great (871-99), though the Anglo-Saxon and Norman kings to the Medieval coinage up to 1300. Exeter did not mint coins again until the Civil War when coins were produced for the Royalist forces in 1644 and 1645. The final phase of coin production in Exeter was for the great recoinage ordered by William III in 1696-98. During Henry III's reign the Exeter mint was amongst the first group of provincial mints to commence operations, and all four moneyers there issued coins of class 2b2.   Coins of class 2b1 may exist, but none were found in the Brussels Hoard.


Exeter pennies are not particularly scarce, with just over six hundred noted for the Brussels hoard, however there is a large disparity in the number of early coins versus later. Of the 603 coins in the Brussels hoard, about 15% are from classes 2b2, 3a1 and 3a2, and the remaining almost 85% from classes 3ab1 and 3b, with none for class 3c.  Moneyers active at Exeter were John of Egestone (Okiston), Philip Tinctor (Dyer), Robert Picon and Walter Okestone.