‚ÄčThe Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 



Class 3b : showing mintmark type 3 - and a predominantly straight-limbed X, although a slight curvature may be discerned..  The well rounded broad bust is characteristic of class 3b



Class 3ab1 : showing mintmark type 3 - and a straight-limbed X.  The characteristic feature for type 3ab1 being a bust transitional in style between 3a1 and 3b.



Class 3a1 : showing mintmark type 3 - and a straight-limbed X.  The characteristic feature for type 3a1 being a class 2 style bust.



Class 3ab2 : showing mintmark type 3 - sharp pointed star,   straddling the central crown ornament, and the diagnostic flamboyantly curved X.

Coins with No Sceptre


Classes 3a1, 3ab1, 3ab2, 3b


These four classes all have mintmark type 3 - a sharp pointed star,  straddling the central crown ornament.



Class 3ab2 can be recognised by the curved limbs on the letter X,  rather than straight limbs.

- Issued at London, Canterbury, Bury, Gloucester, Northampton and Winchester. 


The remaining three types have a straight limbed X.  Differentiation between them is mainly by bust shape:


3a1 - all types of class 2 bust - issued by only those mints which produced class2 coins - London, Canterbury, Bury, Exeter, Gloucester, Ilchester, Lincoln, Northampton, Norwich, Oxford, Winchester and York.


3b - Characteristic broad bust. Issued by all mints except Durham.


3ab1 - transitional between the above two.  Bust less pointed than 3a, but not as rounded as in class 3b.