‚ÄčThe Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 



Class 3ab1 : showing mintmark type 3 - and a straight-limbed X.  The characteristic feature for type 3ab1 being a bust transitional in style between 3a1 and 3b.



Class 3a1 : showing mintmark type 3 - and a straight-limbed X.  The characteristic feature for type 3a1 being a class 2 style bust.



Class 3ab2 : showing mintmark type 3 - sharp pointed star,   straddling the central crown ornament, and the diagnostic flamboyantly curved X.



Class 3b : showing mintmark type 3 - and a predominantly straight-limbed X, although a slight curvature may be discerned..  The well rounded broad bust is characteristic of class 3b

Coins with No Sceptre


Classes 3a1, 3ab1, 3ab2, 3b


These four classes all have mintmark type 3 - a sharp pointed star,  straddling the central crown ornament.



Class 3ab2 can be recognised by the curved limbs on the letter X,  rather than straight limbs.

- Issued at London, Canterbury, Bury, Gloucester, Northampton and Winchester. 


The remaining three types have a straight limbed X.  Differentiation between them is mainly by bust shape:


3a1 - all types of class 2 bust - issued by only those mints which produced class2 coins - London, Canterbury, Bury, Exeter, Gloucester, Ilchester, Lincoln, Northampton, Norwich, Oxford, Winchester and York.


3b - Characteristic broad bust. Issued by all mints except Durham.


3ab1 - transitional between the above two.  Bust less pointed than 3a, but not as rounded as in class 3b.