​The Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 

Coin Ref # IR057

Class IIa 

Ricard


Obv: Crude bust, with crown fleur consisting of three "floating" pellets. Single thick line forms the triangle.


Rev: RIC/ARD/OND/IVE - with AR and ND ligated.  Pellet on N.





Coin Ref # IR016

Class IIa

Davi


Obv: ENR ligated, beard: crude double line of pellets. Pierced cinqfoil. Type of "S" unclear.


Rev:  DAV/ION/DEV/ELI,  RIC: 6


Weight: 1.38 gm


Notes: Image courtesy of Del Parker, ref. # 75. Coin ex Kunker, March 2010, lot # L.383.

Coin Ref # IR017

Coin Ref # IR011

Some of the variation seen on class IIa coins is shown here, but I need many more coin examples before attempting any meaningful sub-division of the class.

Coin Ref # IR050

Class IIa 

Ricard


Obv: Crude bust, with crown fleur consisting of three "floating" pellets. No pellets at ends of crownband.  Single line triangle.  No shoulders.   Pierced cinqfoil.

"Curly S" type.


Rev: RIC/ARD/OND/IVE - with AR and ND ligated.     RIC: 7.


Weight: 1.46 gm 


Notes:  Image courtesy of CNG,

ref # 926896



Class IIa 

Davi


Obv: plain crownband, with three pellets beneath; but not in the usual straight line.   Only two floating pellets above the crownband; one absent. No shoulders.  Letter "S" has unusual 3-point terminations.


Rev: DAV/ION/DIV/ELI'


Weight: 1.42 gm.


​Notes: Images courtesy of DNW, coin auctioned 5th December 2013, lot 3216.. 

Coin Ref # IR054

Coin Ref # IR011

Narrower bust, beard of double band of irregular pellets. Crownband thins towards either end.

Coin Ref # IR058

Variations in the style and neatness of beard

I have not yet observed any strong correlation between the type of S and the style of beard, though many more coins need to be examined to confirm this.

Class IIa

Davi


Obv: ENR ligated, beard: crude double line of pellets. Pierced cinqfoil. Type of "S" unclear.


Rev:  DAV/ION/DEV/ELI,  RIC: 6


Weight: 1.38 gm


Notes: Image courtesy of Del Parker, ref. # 75. Coin ex Kunker, March 2010, lot # L.383.

Coin Ref # IR013

Narrower bust, beard is an untidy single band of irregular pellets

Class IIa

Ricard 


Obv: hENRI/CUSR/EX III     Cinqfoil is non-pierced. Three floating pellets. Particularly wide neck.


Rev:  RIC/ARD/OND/IVE - with AR & ND ligated. RIC: ~ 8-10.


Notes: Image courtesy of Dix Noonan Webb.  DNW Auction 18-Sept-2012, Lot # 2351

Coin Ref # IR033

Class ​IIa

Ricard


Obv: hENRICUS REX III'  - ENR ligated. Three floating pellets rather than central fleur. Doule pellet line beard, short neck, chin touching base of triangle. Tripartite S type. X type is Xa.

Rev: RIC/ARD/OND/IVE - AR and ND ligated.    RIC: 6.5 -7.

Coins of this class & moneyer in BH: 485 

Notes: Images courtesy of The Old Currency Exchange

Coin Ref # IR034

Tri-partite Terminations.

IIa - Wide Bust


Coin Ref # IR015

Coin Ref # IR012

IIa - Narrower Bust

Coin Ref # IR020


Coin Ref # IR019

Class IIa 

Ricard


Obv: hENRICUS REX III'  - ENR ligated

Rev: ERROR! - RIC/OND/ARD/IVE - quadrant contents out of sequence.

Notes: Not in great condition, but such an unusual error that it's worth showing here. Images courtesy of The Old Currency Exchange

IIa - Narrower Bust Types with Little or No Neck

Coin Ref # IR014

Class IIa

Ricard


Obv: hENRICUS REX III'   - ENR ligated. Pellet at start of  legend. Three floating pellets rather than a central fleur. No shoulders. Pierced cinqfoil.

Rev: RIC/ARD/OND/IVE - with AR & ND ligated. RIC: 7

Coins of this class & moneyer in BH.... 485 

Weight ............................................ 1.48 gm  

Notes: Images courtesy of DNW; coin was to be auctioned Dec 8th 2015, lot # 1036, but was withdrawn prior to the sale.

Coin Ref # IR048

Coin Ref # IR018


Class IIa 

Davi 


Obv: Cruder image, with crown fleur consisting of three "floating" pellets. No pellets in obverse text (contrast with class Ia). Single thick line forms the triangle. Letter "S" possibly of tri-partite type.


Rev: DAV/ION/DEV/ELI'


Notes:  Image courtesy of Dix Noonan Webb. Coin sold by them in auction 21-Jun-2012, lot 960.

Class IIa

Ricard 


Obv: hENRI/CUSR/EX III    Pierced cinqfoil.  No shoulders.  No pellets in obv. legend. S type with flat terminations. X type is Xb.


Rev:  RIC/ARD/OND/IVE


Notes: Image courtesy of CNG, coin ref# 976784.

Class IIa 

Ricard


Obv: Fairly crude bust, with crown fleur consisting of three "floating" pellets. Single line forms the triangle.  No shoulders.   Pierced cinqfoil.  Tri-partite S type. X type is Xb.


Rev: RIC/ARD/OND/IVE - with AR and ND ligated.     RIC: ~7.5


Notes:  Image courtesy of Del Parker. Coin ex Kunker, 3rd March 2008, # L.3322.



IIa - Wide Bust

Class IIa 

Ricard 


Obv: Lettering is fairly crude. ENR ligated   Single line triangle.  Pierced cinqfoil not a sexfoil. Three floating pellets above crown-band. No pellets at ends of crownband. Double neck line on the right.  Unusual shapes to letter "S". X type is Xb.


Rev: RIC/ARD/OND/IVE  - with AR & ND ligated.    RIC: 7.


Note:  Images courtesy of UKDFD, a metal detecting find from Louth, Lincs., and in very good condition as such.   Ref # 15115.



IIa - Narrower Bust

This is a large class with a number of variations which have not been formally sub-divided. There are particularly noticeable differences in the shape of the bust, the neatness of the beard and the shape of the letter "S".    From a limited sample of coins it appears that the wide bust types may be less abundant than the coins with narrower busts.

Coin Ref # IR013

Click here to see introductory comments and classification details for the Irish coins.

Ireland - Class IIa 

Class IIa 

Ricard


Obv: hENRICUS REX III'  - ENR ligated. Small bust with large neck. Beard of single line of pellets.

Rev: RIC/ARD/OND/IVE - AR and ND ligated.    RIC: ~7

Coins of this class & moneyer in the Brussels Hoard: 485 

Notes: Images courtesy of The Old Currency Exchange

Three varieties of letter "S" observed on class IIa coins...

Note that on some other classes the "fishtail" style S is seen, but I have yet to observe on class IIa.


Flat Terminations

Class IIa 

Ricard


Obv: hENRICUS REX III'  - ENR ligated. No shoulders.

Rev: RIC/ARD/OND/IVE - AR and ND ligated.    RIC: 7-7.5

Coins of this class & moneyer in BH: 485 

Notes: Images courtesy of The Old Currency Exchange

IIa - Narrower Bust Types with Distinct Necks

Coin Ref # IR033

Narrower bust, crude appearance, beard of single? band of irregular pellets, short neck with chin touching triangle base.

Class IIa 

Ricard


Obv: plain narrow crownband, not meeting triangle at right. Three floating pellets. Unusually there are no pellets beneath crownband.  No shoulders.   Crude appearance. Letter "S" has straight terminations, not fancy/fishtail.  X type is Xb.


Rev: RIC/ARD/OND/IVE - with AR & ND ligated.    RIC: ~8.


​Notes: Images courtesy of DNW, coin auctioned 5th December 2013, part lot 3218. 

Curly Terminations

Class IIa

Ricard 


Obv: hENRI/CUSR/EX III    Pierced cinqfoil.  No shoulders.  No pellets in obv. legend. Double neckline on left. Curved sceptre shaft.  Crude eyes.  Crude lettering.  ENR ligated with possible pellet on N. Fine eye-brows.  X type is Xb.


Rev:  RIC/ARD/OND/IVE


Notes: Spink auction,

December 2014,

part of lot 588.

Class IIa 

Ricard 


Obv:  ENR ligated   Single line triangle. Three floating pellets above crown-band. This obverse may be a die match to IR014 shown below.


Rev: RIC/ARD/OND/IVE     RIC: 7-8. Not a die match for IR014 below.


Note:  Images courtesy of UKDFD, a metal detecting find from near Thirsk, North Yorks.   Ref # 962.



Coin Ref # IR016

Narrower bust, beard is a tidy double band of pellets