​The Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 

Class 2b1

Walter


Obv: hEHRICVS REX TERCI’   

          

Rev: WAL/TER/OHL/IHC  - ER ligated. RIC: 7.5-8.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 12

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 2 

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Lin.7

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 5

Weight ............................................. 1.42 gm.


Notes:  Struck off-centre, otherwise very fine. 

Ex Lord Stewartby, coin auctioned by Spink, June 2016, lot # 616a. originally purchased from Spink in 1953.


Page updated: August 21st 2016.

A 13th-century depiction of the Second Battle of Lincoln, which occurred at Lincoln Castle on 20 May 1217 during the First Barons' War between the forces of the future Louis VIII of France and those of King Henry III of England. 

Class 2b1

Walter


Obv: hEHRICVS REX TERCI’   

          

Rev: WAL/TER/OHL/IHC  - no ligation. RIC: 7.5-8.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 12

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 2 

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Lin.8

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 7

Weight ............................................. 1.40 gm.


Notes: In the author's collection.


Coin Ref # LCWL2074
Coin Ref # LCWL2093
Coin Ref # LCWM2002
Coin Ref # LCWM2001
Coin Ref # LCWL2002
Coin Ref # LCWL2001
Coin Ref # LCRC2002
Coin Ref #LCJN2002

Class 2b1

William


Obv: hEHRICVS REX TERCI’    Wider bust.

          

Rev: WIL/LEM/OHL/IHC  - no ligation.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 12

Number of different C&T types in BH.......  3

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Lin.9

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 7

Weight ....... 1.43 gm.


Notes: Mossop dies Ba.


Provenance: The William Conte collection. ex North; ex Baldwin 17.12.1975; ex Mossop. Images:© The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. Accession number:  CM.1344-2001



Class 2b1

Walter


Obv: hEHRICVS REX TERCI’   

          

Rev: WAL/TER/OHL/IHC  - no ligation.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 12

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 2 

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Lin.8

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 7

Weight ....... 1.45 gm.


Notes: Mossop dies Cc.


Provenance: The William Conte collection. ex North; ex Baldwin 17.10.1975; ex Mossop. Images: © The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. Accession number:  CM.1335-2001




Class 2b1

William


Obv: hEHRICVS REX TERCI’   Relatively thin bust.

          

Rev: WIL/LEM/OHL/IHC  - no ligation.


C/T type: Lin.9


Notes:  Obverse off-center. There are two other types of this coin:  Lin.10 has a Lombardic M, and Lin 11 is spelt ONL not OHL. Both L10 & L11 have die links to class 3a2 coins. Image courtesy of A H Baldwin & Sons Ltd, London, coin ​ex Brussels Hoard and sold at Baldwin's Auction #77, Sept. 2012, Lot #2488.



Class 2b1

Walter


Obv: hEHRICVS REX TERCI’   

          

Rev: WAL/TER/OHL/IHC  - no ligation.


C/T type: Lin.8


Notes:  2b1 coins of Walter and William are a little scarcer than those of Jon and Ricard. There are two types coins of the Walter recognised with the difference being whether the ER of WALTER is ligated or not.  Image courtesy of A H Baldwin & Sons Ltd, London, coin ex Brussels Hoard and sold at Baldwin's Auction #77, Sept. 2012, Lot #2487 sold at Baldwin's Auction #77, 




Class 2b1

Ricard


Obv: hEHRICVS REX TERCI’           

Rev: RIC/ARD/ONL/IHC  - AR ligated.


C/T type: Lin.6


Notes:  Minor buckle at top.

Scarcity: Of the 66 coins of class 2b1 found in the Brussels Hoard, 17 were from Ricard. Churchill and Thomas recognised 3 varieties, of which there were seven  specimens of this type present in the hoard. Image courtesy of A H Baldwin & Sons Ltd, London, coin ex Brussels Hoard and sold at Baldwin's Auction #77, Sept. 2012, Lot #2486




Class 2b1

Ricard


Obv: hEHRICUS REX TERCI      

Rev: RIC/ARD/OHL/IHC   AR is ligated.


C/T type: Lin.4


Scarcity: There were 66 coins of class 2b1, or just over 5% of the 1263 Lincoln coins, found in the Brussels Hoard. Of these 66 coins,  17 were from Ricard. Churchill and Thomas recognised 3 varieties, of which this was the scarcest with only 4 specimens present in the Brussels hoard.


Notes: Ricard is Richard of the Bridge (Ponte) Baldwins Auction Nov 2nd 2013, Lot 58.  ex Dr Mark Blackburn, ex Colchester Hoard, 1969.  ​

Coin Ref #LCJN2001

Class 2b1

Jon


Obv: hEHRICUS REX (TERCI)          

Rev: IOH/OHL/INC/OLH  


C/T type: Lin.2


Note the particularly narrow chin in comparison to the 2b1 coin below. Of the 66 Lincoln coins of class 2b1 found in the Brussels Hoard 25 were from Jon. Churchill and Thomas recognised 3 variations of the reverse spelling. Of this variety there were only 8 specimens present in the hoard. DNW Auction, Dec 4th 2013, part of lot 2319. 

Coin Ref # LCRC2001

Class 2b1

Jon


Obv: hEHRICUS REX TERCI            

Rev: ION/ONL/INC/OLH   No ligations.


C/T type: Lin.3


Notes: Well centred, very fine.  Another variety of Jon, this one spelt ION in contrast to the IOH of type Lin.2 shown above. There were nine type Lin.3 coins documented in the Brussels Hoard book. 


Image courtesy of A H Baldwin & Sons Ltd, London, coin ex Brussels Hoard and offered sold at Baldwin's Auction #77, Sept. 2012, Lot #2485


Lincoln Mint  


The bishops of Lincoln were among the magnates of medieval England: the diocese of Lincoln, the largest in England, had more monasteries than the rest of England put together, and the diocese was supported by large estates.  The administrative centre was the Bishop’s Palace, the third element in the central complex. When it was built in the late 12th century, the Bishop’s Palace was one of the most important buildings in England.  By 1150, Lincoln was among the wealthiest towns in England. The basis of the economy was cloth and wool, exported to Flanders; Lincoln weavers had set up a guild in 1130 to produce Lincoln Cloth, especially the fine dyed ‘scarlet’ and ‘green’.


During the 13th century, Lincoln was the third largest city in England and was a favourite of more than one king. During the First Barons' War, it became caught up in the strife between the king and the rebel barons, who had allied with the French. It was here and at Dover that the French and Rebel army was defeated. In the aftermath of the battle, the town was pillaged for having sided with Prince Louis.However, during the 14th century, the city's fortunes began to decline. The lower city was prone to flooding, becoming increasingly isolated, and plagues were common.


Moneyers active during Henry III's reign were John of Louth, Richard Ponte, Walter (Brand?) and William Brand (William of Paris).  Based on evidence from the Brussels and Colchester hoards, John of Louth was the most prolific moneyer at any of the provincial mints issuing the voided long cross pennies of Henry III.  The earliest Lincoln coins in the Brussels hoard are of class 2b1.