​The Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 

LNNN1042

Class 1b  (LOH-3)


Obv: hEHRICUS REX ANG, with HR & AN both ligated. Pellet on 1st E. Pellet stop after REX. Three pellets under crown.


Rev: LIE/TER/CI':/LOH  -  ER ligated.   RIC: 8-9.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 110

Number of different C&T 1b types in BH.... 68

Number of different C&T 1b LOH-3 in BH.....5

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... L.68?

Number of coins of this type in BH............ 1


Notes: Ex Lord Stewartby Collection, Bt Spink, August 1953, auctioned by Spink June 2016, lot #604a.

LNNN1051

Page updated: July 27th 2016

Class 1b (LOH-5)


Obv: hENRICVS REX ANG   - NR & AN ligated. No stops or pellets, five pellets under crown. Beard of double row of pellets. R type 1, X type 4.  Prominent necklines.


Rev: LIE/TER/CI'./LOH - ER ligated.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 110
Number of different C&T types in BH....... 68
C & T Type for this coin..... L.24/32/64/70/75
Number of coins of this type in BH..........  9


Notes: Courtesy of Davissons, Feb 2016.

Class 1b  (LOH-5)


Obv: hEHRICVS REX III'  - HR and AN ligated, no pellets or stops in the legend. Five pellets under crown. No necklines.


Rev: LIE/TER/CI'./LOH - with ER ligated. No pellets on letters.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 110  
Number of different C&T types in BH....... 68
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin..... L.56
Number of coins of this type in BH..........  2

Notes: Images courtesy of an anonymous collector [M-138] 

Coin ref # LNNN1034

Class 1b  (LOH-3)


Obv: hEHRICVS ANG  - with prominent stop after REX. Pellets on the two "E"s and on the "N". HR & AN ligated. Three pellets under crown.


Rev: LIE/TER/CI'./LOH - with ER ligated.  RIC: ~9. Pellets on the two "E"s.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 110  
Number of different C&T types in BH.......  68
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.....  L.22
Number of coins of this type in BH..........    1

Weight..................................................... 1.47 gm

Notes: About very fine, toned.   Images courtesy of DNW, coin auctioned 8th December 2014, lot # 2244. 

LNNN1023

Note: The "Coin Ref #" given below each coin relates to the specific coin not to the type of coin.  It is provided as an aid to communication for anyone wishing to refer to a particular coin on this website.

For types with the London mint spelled as "LVH" click here.

Class 1b (LOH-4)


Obv: hEHRICVS REX ANG -  stop after REX. No pellets on letters. Pelleted beard. Four pellets under crown. 

Rev: LIE/TER/CI'./LOH      RIC: 8-8.5


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 110 
Number of different C&T types in BH.......  68
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin..... L.53 
Number of coins of this type in BH..........  2

Notes: 12 of the types in the Brussels Hoard have 4 pellets under the crown, so these are scarcer than 3- or 5-pelleted types.  Images courtesy of an anonymous collector [M-125] 

Coin ref # LNNN1032

Class 1b  (LON-5)

No Moneyer (Nicole)


Obv: hENRICVS REX ANG - with NR and AN ligated.

Beard of pellets.  No pellets on letters, or stops between words. Five pellets below crown.


Rev: LIE/TER/CI'./LON - with ER ligated.  No pellets on letters.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 110  
... and in the Colchester hoard ................ 38
Number of different C&T types in BH.......  68
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin..... L.17
Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 5

Notes: Images courtesy of an anonymous collector [M-654] 

Coin ref # LNNN1030

Class 1b (LOH-5)


Obv: hENRICUS REX III'   1a style portrait, five pellets under crown. Realistic hair on beard. Five-pointed initial mark.  Pellets on first E and second N, plus pellet before ANG. Necklines present.


Rev: LIE/TER/CI'./LOH 


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 110 
Number of different C&T types in BH....... 68
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin..... L.42 sim
Number of coins of this type in BH..........  0
​​

Notes: Similar to L.42, but this one has strokes beard. No exact match in The Brussels Hoard. Images courtesy of a private collector [M-130].

Coin Ref # LNNC1028

Coin Ref # LNNN1027

Class 1b  (LOH-3)


Obv: hEHRICUS REX ANG, with HR & AN both ligated.  Three pellets under crown.


Rev: LIE/TER/CI':/LOH  - No pellets on letters, ER ligated.   RIC: 8-9.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 110

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 68

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... L.79

Number of coins of this type in BH............1


Notes: Images courtesy of Mark Winiger. [MW-2613].

So, ignoring pellets in the letters and text, and other minor variations, I have on this website sub-divided the class 1b coin illustrations using the nine groups based on mint spelling and number of pellets below the crown, with nomenclature as shown in the chart on the right.  The numbers for types having a beard of strokes rather than pellets is also shown.


The relative scarcity of these types is suggested by the numbers of coins present in the Brussels Hoard, though this should be considered as a rough guide only.   The BH had no examples of LVH-4 but I will not be surprised if this group exists - a coin from this group would certainly be a very collectable type of class 1b.  Of the other groups, LVH-3 is relatively scarce, and I have been fortunate enough to obtain a number of example images which I have illustrated below.


At this time, I am still seeking illustration examples for some of the different types and I would be very pleased to hear from anyone who can supply relevant images.

Before further considering the nine groups, a few further words on the spelling of hENRICVS.  The bar chart on the right shows the three different spelling types, with the number of pellets below the crown also being detailed. the "hEH" spelling occurs on all three pellet types; likewise the "hEN..." spelling is seen on all three pellet types but predominantly on coins with 5 pellets.  The scarce double-barred *H variety was only observed on 3 and 4 pellet coins in the Brussels hoard, but may exist on 5 pellet coins. These double-barred H coins are worth watching out for as varieties of the nine main groups which are further detailed below.  

The analysis of the use of H/N through time has suggested that earlier coins predominantly used an "H" whereas later ones used an "N" but the number of samples being looked at here for just class 1b is statistically too small to suggest that the 5 pelleted "hEN.." coins are chronologically later than the "hEH" coins.

Factors that I have chosen to define sub-groups are the number of pellets occurring beneath the crown on the obverse, and the manner in which the London mint name is spelled on the reverse. The combination of 3 possibilities for the number of pellets and the three spellings of London define nine major groupings of 1b coins, if we ignore all the other variation including pellets in the legend or on various letters. 

The first pie chart shows the different spellings of hENRICVS - the third letter is either an "N", and "H" or an "H" with a double cross-bar. The latter being denoted as *H.  The *H variety is only found on Brussels Hoard coins form London that have the mint name spelled as "LON" - with 5 coins occurring in 4 different types. It represents a variety worth looking out for, but is not common enough to warrant breaking out as a major group.  Most 1b coins are spelled "hEN..." or "hEH..." and occur in similar numbers.  I believe the use of H/N to be a matter of style (see this article) and not significant enough to be a major factor in defining key groups of 1b coins.

Class 1b (LON-5)


Obv:hEHRICUS REX ANG, with HR & AN both ligated.  Five pellets under crown.


Rev: LIE/TER/CI':/LON  - No pellets on letters


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 110

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 68

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... L.41

Number of coins of this type in BH: ......... 1


Notes:  Ex Jim Sazama collection, ex CNG mailbid sale 58, 2001.  Image courtesy of DNW, auction 17th Sept. 2014, lot #2308.

Coin Ref # LNNN1018

Class 1b   (LON-5)


Obv:hENRICUS REX ANG,  Five pellets under crown, strokes for beard.


Rev: LIE/TER/CI'/LON

C&T type: L.39.


Notes: Good very fine and very rare, this the only example of this die pairing in the Brussels Hoard.... Image courtesy of A H Baldwin & Sons Ltd, London, coin ex Brussels Hoard and sold at Baldwin's Auction #77, Sept. 2012, Lot #​2427

Coin Ref # LNNN1017

Class 1b  (LON-5)


Obv:hENRICUS REX ANG, with NR & AN both ligated.  Five pellets under crown.


Rev: LIE/TER/CI':/LON  - No pellets on letters


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 110

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 68

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... L.17 or similar.


Notes: Good VF, toned.  ​Image courtesy of CNG, auction 308, lot #453.

Coin Ref # LNNN1015

Looking for Examples!

Group 6 : LON-5

Group 5 : LON-4

Group 4 : LON-3

Group 1 : LOH-3

Class 1b  (LOH-5)


Obv:hEHRICUS REX ANG, with HR & AN both ligated.  Five pellets under crown. Necklines are absent or almost absent.


Rev: LIE/TER/CI':/LOH  - No pellets on letters, ER ligated.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 110

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 68

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... L.56

Number of coins of this type in BH............ 2


Notes: Near EF, toned.  ​Image courtesy of CNG, auction 279, lot #851

Coin Ref # LNNN1021

Class 1b  (LOH-5)


Obv: hEHRICUS REX ANG, no pellet on first E, HR and AN ligated, no pellets either side of REX, 5 pellets under crown-band. Clear necklines, but short.


Rev: LIE/TER/CI'/LOH - with ER ligated.    RIC ~ 7-8


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH.......... 110

Number of different C&T types in BH.......   68

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin....... L.56

Number of coins of this type in BH............ 2

Weight ....................................................1.47 gm


Notes: Better than very fine, toned. Images courtesy of Dix Noonan Webb, coin auctioned Feb 11th 2015, lot # 60. Provenance: Jim Sazama collection.

Group 3 : LOH-5

Group 1 : LOH-3

Group 2 : LOH-4

Group 1 : LOH-3

Class 1b has a change of obverse and reverse legends, putting "ANG" onto the obverse and adding the mint name to the reverse - this being necessary as production was expanded from London to Canterbury and Bury.  London coins are the commonest and Bury the scarcest.  From London, Churchill and Thomas document 110 class 1b coins in the Brussels Hoard but of 68 different types. This high degree of variability in the design is reflected in many ways, including:

  • The spelling of hENRICVS on the obverse
  • The number of pellets under the crown on the obverse
  • Pellets on the letters and between some words
  • A beard design of strokes or pellets
  • A double barred "H" for "N" on the obverse
  • The spelling of the London mint name on the reverse
  • Differences in ligation are not a significant variable compared to later classes.

This variability may leave the collector wondering what is significant and should be sought for one's collection. With good examples of 1b coins often costing in excess of £100 there aren't going to be many collectors seeking to obtain one of each of the 68 types. 


I have looked at the different types of London coins and come up with a nine-fold sub-division that represents a more realistic collection target covering the main types observed in the Brussels Hoard.







Coin Ref # LNNN1022

London Mint, Class 1b