London, Classes 3a2 to 3ab2

Sub-class 3bc normally has mintmark 4, the others in this group having mm 3, or 3* on 3a2.  Sub-class 3ab2 is the scarcest of these, and is distinguished by it's characteristic two flamboyant curved limbs on the non-symmetrical letter X (Top right/bottom left).

Coin ref # LNNC3029

Data taken from Churchill and Thomas (2012) Brussels Hoard publication.

Class 3a2 - NIC/OLE/ONL/VND - and it's variants

Die cutters used, apparently at random,  an "N" or alternatively an "H" for the letter N throughout the voided long cross series. In looking at the statistics for the 3a2 coins of Nicole in the Brussels Hoard it seems that usually an N or an H alone was used - but that occasionally a mix of N and H is seen.


One wonders what was going on in the workshop that resulted in such mixtures?


Anyway, for this class/moneyer combination it is clear that all Ns are commonest, followed by all H pennies, and that coins with a mixture are scarcer.


In this dataset, all N comprises 63% of the coins, all H about 25%, and the remaining 12% is made up of mixed lettering.  Collectors may wish to look out for the latter.

Class 3a2

Nicole (Nicholas of St Albans)


Obv: hENRICUS REX:III   - NR ligated, colon after REX. Initial mark 3*, necklines. Round eyes. Pellets between the two curls either side. Note the lines above the crown-band.


Rev: NIC/OLE/ONL/VND - pellet on N in 3rd quadrant, and probably in 4th.  RIC: ~11 pellets/quad.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 214

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 16

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... L.196

Number of coins of this type in BH..........  70


Notes: The commonest of the 16 different Nicole 3a2 types from the London mint found in the Brussels Hoard. Image courtesy of York Coins.

Class 3a2

Nicole (Nicholas of St Albans)


Obv: hEHRICUS REX:III   - HR ligated, colon after REX. Initial mark 3*, necklines. Round eyes of two arcs. Pellets between the two curls either side. Note the lines above the crown-band.


Rev: NIC/OLE/ONL/VND - no pellets on the "N"s RIC: ~8 pellets/quad.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 214

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 16

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... L.198

Number of coins of this type in BH..........  12


Notes:  Images courtesy of the finder of the 2015 Bridgnorth Area Hoard.  [Finder's ref # 31]

Coin Ref # LNNC3002

​The Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 

Coin Ref # LNNC3034

Class 3ab1

Nicole


Obv: hEHRICUS REX III'  No colon or pellet after REX.  


Rev: HIC/OLE/ONL/VHD - unusually, has an open "C", HD ligated.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH.......443   
Number of different C&T types in BH.......23   
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.....
Number of coins of this type in BH..........   

Notes: Bust shape suggests 3ab1 but style of letter "S" suggests class 3a1. Open C not noted for 3a1 of Brussels Hoard, but several examples noted in class 3ab1.   Coin sold on Ebay, April 2015.   Ebay # 141639866875.

A Look at The Reverse Lettering - London, Class 3a2, Nicole

Coin Ref # LNHN3038

Class 3a2

Henri (Henry Frowick)


Obv: hEHRICUS REX III'.   - HR ligated. Initial mark 3*   Beard pellets unusually arranged in vertical lines. Note inner circle continues as a plain line over the crown.  Minor chin lines.


Rev: hEN/RIO/NLV/NDE = EN & ND ligated.

RIC: 8-8.5


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH.......134 

Number of different C&T types in BH.......6 

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin... L.183

Number of coins of this type in BH..........76  


Notes:  Images courtesy of the finder of the 2015 Bridgnorth Area Hoard.  [Finder's ref # 36]

Page updated Nov 5th 2016