​The Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 

Class 3d2

Davi


Obv: hENRICUS REX:III'   NR ligated. Initial mark 4.2.


Rev: DAV/ION/LVN/DEN - with ON & EN ligated. Pellets on 2q/4q "N"s.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 34   
Number of different C&T types in BH........ 7   
Churchill & Thomas Type ...................... L.459
Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 14

Notes: Images courtesy of Mark Winiger.

Coin Ref # LNDV3001

Class 3d2

Nicole (Nicholas of St Albans)


Obv: hENRICUS REX III - with colon before III. Slightly pointed chin.  Diagnostic ball-footed R (R2). Mintmark indistinct. Round eyes. Bust very similar to class 4 coins.


Rev: NIC/OLE/ONL/VND - with ON & ND ligated, pellet on the N in 4th quadrant. and possibly the 3rd quadrant.  Inner circle composed of approx 12 small pellets/quadrant in comparison to the usual 8/9.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 192

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 3

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... L469 ?

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 132


Notes: Reverse off-center.  Image courtesy of York Coins (VLC-150)

Coin Ref # LNNC3016

Coin Ref # LNNC3014

Coin Ref # LNNC3013

Coin Ref # LNNC3012

Coin Ref # LNHN3006

Coin Ref # LNHN3007

Coin Ref # LNNC3015

Coin Ref # LNNC3011

Class 3d2

Nicole (Nicholas of St Albans)


Obv: hENRICUS REX III - with colon before III.  Ball-footed R. Mintmark 4.2. Round eyes. Bust similar to class 4 coins.


Rev: NIC/OLE/ONL/VND - with ON & ND ligated, pellet on the N in 3rd and 4th quadrants. RIC:~10


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 192

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 3

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... L469 

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 132


Notes: Images courtesy of Dix Noonan Webb, coin auctioned Feb 11th 2015, part of lot # 63. Provenance: Jim Sazama collection.

Class 3d2

Nicole (Nicholas of St Albans)


Obv: hENRICUS REX III - with colon before III. Slightly pointed chin.  Diagnostic ball-footed R (R2). Mintmark indistinct. Round eyes.


Rev: NIC/OLE/ONL/VND - with ON & ND ligated, pellets on the Ns in 3rd and 4th quadrants.  Inner circle composed of approx 12 small pellets/quadrant in comparison to the usual 8/9.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 192

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 3

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... L469

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 132


Notes:  Image courtesy of York Coins (H5367)

Class 3d2

Nicole (Nicholas of St Albans)


Obv: hENRICUS REX III - with single pellet before III. Slightly pointed chin.  Diagnostic ball-footed R (R2). Mintmark somewhat indistinct, but possibly mm 5 which does occur on some 3d2 coins.


Rev: NIC/OLE/ONL/VND - with ON & ND ligated, pellets on the Ns in 3rd and 4th quadrants.   Inner circle composed of approx 15 small pellets/quadrant in comparison to the usual 8/9.  This move to a finer design continued through class 4 and into class 5a.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 192

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 3

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... L469

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 132


Notes:  Image courtesy of York Coins (H5350)

Class 3d2

Henri (Henri Frowick)


Obv: hENRICUS REX III - with NR ligated and a colon before III. Pointed chin.  X2.   Ball-footed R2.  Round eyes.  Mintmark is 4.2 - rounded ends rather than sharp.  


Rev: hEN/RIO/HLV/NDE - with EN and ND ligated. The two ligated N's have pellets, whilst the other N is plain.  RIC (Rev. Inner circle): 10-11 pellets/quadrant


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 74

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 4

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... n/a

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 0


Notes:   This reverse die unusual in that it has an "H" in the 3rd quadrant. All BH coins have an 2N". Image courtesy of CNG.  Coin ex Ross Schraeder Collection.

​b) 3d2 with a Colon after REX

Class 3d2

Nicole (Nicholas of St Albans)


Obv: hENRICUS REX III - with colon or pellet before III.  Ball-footed R. Mintmark 4.2. Round eyes. Bust similar to class 4 coins.


Rev: NIC/OLE/ONL/VND - with ON & ND ligated, pellet on the N in 3rd and 4th quadrants. RIC very high at ~17.  This type with high RIC count may be later than the ones with a lower RIC count.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 192

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 3

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... L469 

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 132


Notes: Images courtesy of Dix Noonan Webb, coin auctioned Feb 11th 2015, part of lot # 63 Provenance: Jim Sazama collection.

Class 3d2

Nicole (Nicholas of St Albans)


Obv: hENRICUS REX III - with single pellet before III. Pointed chin.  Diagnostic ball-footed R (R2). Indistinct mintmark.  Round eyes.


Rev: NIC/OLE/ONL/VND - with ON & ND ligated, pellets on the Ns in 3rd and 4th quadrants.   Inner circle composed of approx 14 small pellets/quadrant in comparison to the usual 8/9 of most other class 3 coins.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 192

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 3

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... L469

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 132


Notes: 3d2 coins were less abundant  than 3d1in the Brussels Hoard,and there were also a lesser number of varieties; but this one is the commonest.  Image courtesy of York Coins (H5356)

​a) 3d2 with a Single Pellet after REX

Class 3d2

Henri (Henri Frowick)


Obv: hENRICUS REX III - with NR ligated and a colon before III. Very pointed chin.  X2.   R2 Round eyes - but they almost look like spirals.  Mintmark is 4.2 - rounded ends rather than sharp.  


Rev: hEN/RIO/NLV/NDE - with EN and ND ligated. The two ligated N's have pellets, whilst the other N is plain. One of the pellets looks like a triangle.  RIC (Rev. Inner circle): 10 pellets/quadrant


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 74

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 4

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... L.467

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 41


Notes:   Image courtesy of Dale Tinline, who sold the coin on ebay, Feb. 2014.

London, Sub-Classes  3d2


Sub-class 3d2 differs from 3d1 in having a different style of letter R than 3d1 (Ball-shaped foot, R2,  versus a wedge shaped R1) and a broader bust more like that of class 4 coins.   3c coins from non-provincial mints can be distinguished  from 3d1 by the shape of the bust; with busts of sub-class 3d1 being smaller, neater, and with a more pointed chin.  3d2 are relatively easy to identify - their busts being similar to those of class 4, they have the diagnostic ball-footed R, and additionally the inner circle on the reverse tends to be made of smaller pellets, thus allowing a greater number in each quadrant. Prior to the publication of the Churchill and Thomas study, all the above were usually described as 3c, sometimes being sub-divided into 3c early and 3c late. 


Varieties of 3d2 include types with a single pellet after REX and with a colon after REX, as well as varieties with no punctuation marks as below....