​The Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 

LNRN5503

Coin ref# LNRN5515

Class 5i  


Class 5h

Renaud


Obv:  Correct style “R” and “X” for class 5g/5h
Unusual bust style, no pellets outside bust
Beard outer pellets joined.  Hand does not hold the sceptre.  Slanting lower lip


Rev: REN/AVD/ONL/VHD legend compatible with 5g. “R” wrong style for class 5g.  “A” has a separate pellet foot instead of one shaped piece. Inner circle guideline circle visible in two quadrants, inner circle pellets located within guidelines in two quadrants. Low RIC count of 6 in q4


Weight ........................................ 1.27 gm


Note: Author's collection.

LNRN5504

LNRN5506

Coin Ref # LNRN5507

Class 5h

Renaud


Obv: hENRICUS REX III' - the central fleur has deteriorated to a series of pellets immediately above the crown. Three pellets under crown. Oval eyes with thick outline.   


Rev: REN/AVD/ONL/VND  - with EN, ON, ND ligated.  Pellets on the 3q and 4q "N"s. RIC: 7-8.


Weight .............................................. 1.4 gm


Notes: Images courtesy of Alan Hunt.

Page updated: November 16th 2017

Class 5i

Renaud


Obv: hENRICUS REX III - with NR ligated.  No pellets under the crown-band. A lone pellet where the central fleur is normally located. Crude bust.


Rev: REN/AVD/ONL/VHD  - with EN, VD, & HD ligated.


Weight ..................................... 1.41 gm  


Notes:  Coin auctioned by DNW, December 2014, lot #2249. Ex Jim Sazama collection, ex W. Conte collection.

LNRN5744

The following comments are based on input kindly provided by Bob Thomas.... Back in the 1970’s coins of Renaud were quite scarce but that is no longer the case owing to metal detecting. Most hoards containing L/C pennies were sealed before or around the time of the Battle of Evesham with the result that most contain no coins for Renavd or, in the case of Brussels, very few. Renavd probably took over from Thomas in around 1261/62 but there was some delay before his coins started to get into savings and/or business caches. He was around for a long while before he died in 1278 and would have produced a substantial number of coins in the relatively peaceful time that followed Evesham and until Edward introduced his new coins in 1279. There was, therefore, little need to hoard and conceal coins in this time and those which were hoarded were, in the main, recovered and exchanged for Edward pennies.

For a long time Renavd was the sole moneyer and the need for skilled, well organised workshops producing the dies etc lessened and the standards of workmanship deteriorated. Renavd’s coins get progressively worse over time as they pass through what we collectors define as classes 5g, 5h and 5i. This coin exhibits many of the hallmarks of unskilled and careless workmanship. There are many bust styles in 5g coins and the hand missing the sceptre and the slanting lip are examples of poorer workmanship. There are plenty of cases of clear pellets at the foot of the letter A  with earlier moneyers, and I think the R started off ok but was then ‘clipped’ when the E die was applied. The weight is not unduly light.. 

LNRN5508

Coin Ref # LNRN5577

LNRN5505

Class 5h

Renaud


Obv: hENRICUS REX III'    Pointed chin.


Rev: REN/AVD/ONL/VND  - with EN, ON, ND ligated.  No pellets on the 3q and 4q "N"s. 


Notes: Images courtesy of Mark Winiger [MW-2176]

Class 5h

Renaud


Obv: hENRICUS REX III'    


Rev: REN/AVD/ONL/VHD  - with EN, ON, HD ligated.  


Notes: Images courtesy of Mark Winiger [MW-2031]

Coin Ref # LNRN5514

Coin Ref # LNRN5513

Class 5h / 5i  Transition

Coin ref# LNRN5511

Class 5h-5i

Renaud


Obv: hENRICUS REX III' - with NR ligated.  A row of pellets above the crownband and no pellets beneath.


Rev: REH/AVD/OHL/VHD  - with EH, OH, and HD  ligated.   


Notes: No class 5h/5i coins in the Brussels Hoard. This coin has a remarkably clear bust of good workmanship but which is well clear of the style of a 5g. The central fleur is of 5h 'cannonball' style but there appears to be a total absence of pellets below the crown band. This is another 'problem' coin for precise definition purposes; it has three 5h characteristics - the central fleur, the NR and the bust and only one for 5i, namely the absence of pellets. Bob Thomas (pers.comm.) would place this as 5h with special comment re the absence of pellets below the band. Images courtesy of Alastair Wardle.

Coin ref# LNRN5512

Class 5h-5i

Renaud


Obv: hEHRICUS REX III' - with HR ligated.  A few scattered pellets above the crown-band and three pellets beneath: two in the normal position and one emerging from the crown-band.


Rev: REN/AVD/ONL/VHD  - with EN, ON, HD ligated.   


Notes:  Bob Thomas (pers.comm.) says: " ..it is just possible that the central fleur could be of 5g style and super-imposed on the crown band. There are two clear and one less clear pellets in a line below the crown band but there is also what appears to be a pellet projecting from the base of the crown band. The bust is very degraded. It is, therefore, showing signs of 5h/5i transition".

Coin ref# LNRN5509

Class 5h

Renaud


Obv: hENRICUS REX III'    


Rev: REN/AVD/ONL/VND  - with EN, ON, ND ligated. Stacked pellets for central fleur.


Notes: No class 5h coins in the Brussels Hoard.  Images courtesy of Timeline Auctions, coin auctioned 31st Jan 2015, lot # 284.  Then re-sold on Ebay, 15-Feb-2015, for £72.

Class 5h

Renaud, on London


Obv: hENRICUS REX III


Rev: REN/AVD/ONL/VND  

RIC ~ 7-7.5


Notes: Images courtesy of Dix Noonan Webb, coin auctioned Feb 11th 2015, part of lot 226

Provenance: Jim Sazama collection.

Class 5h

Renaud


Obv: hENRICVS REX III     X type 5.

Central fleur indistinguishable - see enlargement.

Note pointed chin and pronounced eye-brows. No necklace.


Rev: REN/AVD/ONL/VHD - with EN, ON and HD ligated.      RIC: 9 - 9.5.


Notes:   Coin images courtesy of York coins, ref # H1553.

Class 5h

Renaud


Obv: hENRICVS REX III     X type 5.

Central fleur consists of assorted pellets on individual stalks. - see enlargement.

Note chin style, pronounced eye-brows and nose, and pellets outside the bust. No necklace.


Rev: REN/AVD/ONL/VND - with EN, ON and ND ligated.      RIC ~8.


Notes:   Coin images courtesy of York coins, ref # H3182

Class 5h

Renaud


Obv: hENRICVS REX III     X type 5.

Central fleur consists of three stacked pellets ("Cannonballs") - see enlargement.

Note pointed chin, pronounced eye-brows, and pellets outside the bust. No necklace.


Rev: REN/AVD/ONL/VHD - with EN, ON and ND ligated.      RIC ~7.


Notes:   Author's collection, ref # 1857. Purchased on Ebay.

The enlargement of the central fleur area shows the central fleur to be absent. There is a single prominent central pellet, with a few random vestigial side pellets elsewhere on the top of the crown-band.

Class 5h

Renaud


Obv: hENRICVS REX III     X type 5.

No distinct central fleur - see enlargement.

Note square jaw, pronounced eye-brows, and pellets outside the bust. No necklace.


Rev: REN/AVD/ONL/VHD - with EN, ON and HD ligated.      RIC 7-8.


Notes:   Image courtesy of York coins, ref # H-4168.

Class 5h

Renaud


Obv: hENRICVS REX III     R type 3, X type 5 but with pronounced serifs. No distinct central fleur - see enlargement.

Note semi-pointed jaw, pronounced eye-brows, and pellets outside the bust. No necklace.


Rev: REN/AVD/ONL/VHD - with EN, ON and HD ligated.  RIC ~ 8.


Notes:   Image courtesy of Mike Vosper, ref # HE-BFTU.

The image to the left is an enlargement of the central fleur area and shows the central stem to be absent. The central pellet is stacked on the two side pellets, which are in turn supported by stalks from the crown-band.

Class 5h

Renaud


Obv: hENRICVS REX III     R type 3, X type 5 but with pronounced serifs. No distinct central fleur - see enlargement.

Note semi-pointed jaw, pronounced eye-brows, and pellets outside the bust. No necklace.


Rev: REN/AVD/ONL/VHD - with EN, ON and HD ligated.  RIC ~ 8.


Notes:   Image courtesy of Mike Vosper, ref # HE-BFTU.

The image to the left is an enlargement of the central fleur area and shows the central stem to be absent. The central pellet is stacked on the two side pellets, which are in turn supported by stalks from the crown-band.

London 5h, 5i

Class 5h transitions from 5g; there is no absolute clear division, but the discriminating factor is taken as whether or not a low central fleur can still be seen.  In class 5h the central fleur is typically a disaggregated group of pellets, occasionally with some connected to the crown-band by individual stalks. Some coins show a row of five pellets, with the central pellet being larger. The nature of the bust and other features on 5h pennies gives us an idea of what the late 5g coins look like, other than the difference in central fleur. 


Class 5h was issued from about 1266 through to 1272 when the design deteriorated to class 5i (described later) The commencement of 5h in 1266 was a year after Henry's eldest son, Edward, escaped from captivity in 1265 to defeat Simon de Montfort at the Battle of Evesham and freed his father. Henry initially enacted a harsh revenge on the remaining rebels, but was persuaded by the Church to mollify his policies through the Dictum of Kenilworth. Reconstruction was slow and Henry had to acquiesce to various measures, to maintain baronial and popular support.  Henry died in 1272, leaving Edward as his successor. Henry's 56-year reign makes him the fourth longest reigning monarch in English history.  Class 5h covers the end of Henry's life, with the latest 5h coins being issued posthumously however the long cross design of Henry continued to be issued posthumously, followed by classes 6 and 7 until Edward's own coinage appeared in 1279.


King Edward I (1272–1307) succeeded his father whilst away on Crusade in the Holy Land. Coin production continued while the king made his seven-year journey home, so long-cross pennies inscribed HENRICUS REX III continued to be produced at the Bury St Edmunds, Durham, and London mints. At London class 5h was issued by Renaud only.