​The Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 

Coin Ref # LNNC1011

Page revised: July 28th 2016

Coin ref # LNNC1008

Class 1b/2 Mule

Nicole


Obv: hEHRICUS REX ANG - with HR & AN both ligated. Pellet before ANG.  Pellet on N. Five pellets under crown.


Rev: HIC/OHE/OHL/VHD -with no ligations. Unusual spelling - H for L in 2nd quadrant. This variety not present in the Brussels Hoard.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 98

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 25

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... n/a

Number of coins of this type in BH: ......... 0


Notes:  Image courtesy of Simon Hall. Coin sold by Halls' Hammered coins, May 2014. Re-sold Oct 2015. 

Coin Ref # LNNC1056

Class 1b/2 Mule

Nicole


Obv: hEHRICUS REX ANG - with HR and AN ligated. Pellet before REX. No pellets on "E"s, or N,  nor outside the hair curls. No colon after G.  R type 2.   

Rev: HIC/OLE/OHL/[VHD].  RIC: 9-10.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 98  
Number of different C&T types in BH....... 24 
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin..... L.92 sim.
Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 2 

Notes: A metal detecting find from Simiane-la-Rotonde, Haute-Provence, southern France. 

1b/1c) L/VHD and hEH, R2 or R4

Coin Ref # LNNC1013

Class 1b/2 Mule

Nicole


Obv: hEHRICVS REX ANG - with HR and AN ligated. Five pellets under the crown.  No pellets on letters or between.  R type 2.


Rev: HIC/OLE/OHL/VHD    RIC:10.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 98  
Number of different C&T types in BH....... 24
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin..... L.91
Number of coins of this type in BH..........  8
Weight ...............................................   1.35 gm

Notes: Images courtesy of DNW, coin auctioned 18th September 2012, lot # 2305.  CNG Mailbid Sale 35, 20 September 1995, lot 1564

Coin Ref # LNNC1005

Class 1b/2 Mule

Nicole


Obv: hEHRICUS REX ANG - with HR and AN ligated. No pellets before/after REX. No pellets on "E"s, or N,  nor outside the hair curls.  R type 4.     


Rev: HIC/OLE/OHL/VHD. The "H" looking like a reversed "N".  No ligations. RIC: 9.5-10.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 98  
Number of different C&T types in BH....... 24 
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin..... n/a
Number of coins of this type in BH..........  0

Notes: Very similar to LNNC1013. Ex Stewartby, Spink auction June 2016, lot 608a.  

Class 1b/2 Mule

Nicole


Obv: hEHRICUS REX ANG - with HR and AN ligated. No pellets before/after REX. No pellets on "E"s, or N,  nor outside the hair curls.  R type 4.   


Rev: HIC/OLE/OHL/VHD - no ligations. RIC:~10.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 98  
Number of different C&T types in BH....... 24 
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin..... n/a
Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 0

Notes: Very similar to LNNC1056. Davissons, EA12-55.

Class 1b/2 Mule

Nicole


Obv: hEHRICUS REX ANG - Star and crescent initial mark.  HR & AN ligated, pellet on N. Five pellets under crown.  R type 1.


Rev: HIC/OLE/OHL/VHD - no ligations.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 98  
... and in the Colchester hoard ................ 32
Number of different C&T types in BH.......  24
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin..... L.84
Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 5
Weight ............................................... 1.29 gm

Notes: At the low end of the normal weight spectrum for this issue.  Robert Page Collection.

LNNC1012

Group 1 has been further sub-divided based on the shape of the letter "R" - most being R1 but a few scarce coins being R2 or R4.   The scarce groups 3 and 4 are distinguised by their spelling of London - L/VND or /LVH.  The latter is represented by just one specimen in the Brussels Hoard but there were 3 /LVN or /LVH coins in the Colchester Hoard.  The common groups, 1a and 2, are each present in the Brussels Hoard in nine different types - with the differences between them mainly involving the use of pellets.  For collectors wishing to pursue this level of detail reference to Churchill and Thomas's book is essential.  The sub-division of the 1b/2 coins is simply an attempt at a clear grouping of types, and has no implied chronological significance.  In fact, it may be that group 4 is the earliest as it is the only group that uses a form of mint spelling seen on class 1b 

The documentation for the Colchester Hoard does not distinguish between the use of "H" or "N" in the legends so the Colchester data cannot unfortunately be combined with that from the Brussels Hoard;  this analysis is therefore based upon only the London coins of the Brussels Hoard recorded by Churchill and Thomas (2012). The table shows the hierarchy of the three features I have used to sub-divide class 1b/2.  First I have looked at how the mint name has been portrayed on the reverse; nearly all the coins (97%) have "L/VHD" - these have been divided into two groups based on whether the obverse has "hEH..." or "hEN...", with the "hEH" type being about twice as common as "hEN".  reverses.

Class 1b/2 Mule

Nicole


Obv: hEHRICVS REX.ANG - pellet after REX, pellet on N.  R type 1. Wide bust.


Rev: HIC/OLC/OHL/VHD - C rather than E  in 2nd q.   RIC:10


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH.......98.   
Number of different C&T types in BH.....24
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin...L.95 sim.
Number of coins of this type in BH.........1
Weight ...........................................1.49 gm

Notes: There were two types found in the Brussels Hoard that had HICOLC rather than HICOLE - but both of these had R type 2. 

LNNC1006

4a) LVH & hEH, R3

Coin Ref # LNNC1003

Class 1b/2 Mule

Nicole


Obv: hENRICUS REX ANG - with NR & AN both ligated. Five pellets under crown. No pellets either side of hair curls.


Rev: HIC/OLE/OHL/VHD - note the short cross style "E".


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 110

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 68

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... L90

Number of coins of this type in BH: ......... 6


Notes: 

Image courtesy of Dix Noonan Webb; coin was auctioned 20th March 2013, lot # 48

Class 1b/2 Mule

Nicole, London


Obv: hEHRICUS REX ANG   - with HR and AN ligated.  5 pellets under crown.


Rev: HIC/OLE/OHE/LVH - reverse spelling as per C/T type L.86


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH.........  98

Number of different C&T types in BH.......  24

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... L.86 sim.

Number of coins of this type in BH..........   1


Notes: Worn, pitted surfaces, off-centre strike, however this coin has one of the scarcest reverse legends - all other types have HIC/OLE/OHL/VHD or similar. Images courtesy of DNW, coin auction March 18th 2015, part of lot # 525 (coin #7), and offered for sale on Ebay, April 2015.

Coin Ref # LNNC1007

2) L/VHD and hEN, R1

Class 1b/2 Mule

Nicole


Obv: hEHRICUS REX ANG - with HR & AN both ligated. Pellets on both Es and on N, pellet before ANG.   Three pellets under crown.


Rev: HIC/OLE/OHL/VHD -with no ligations.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 98

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 25

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... L.99

Number of coins of this type in BH: ......... 8


Notes: Good VF. Image courtesy of Dix Noonan Webb; coin was auctioned 6th Feb 2013, Lot #56

Coin Ref # LNNC1004

1a) L/VHD and hEH, R1

1b/2 Mule

Nicole


Obv: hEHRICUS REX ANG  - HR & AN ligated. Star and crescent initial mark. Five pellets under crown. R3.

Rev: HIC/OLE/OHE/LVH - no ligations.
RIC: ~10


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH.........98 

Number of different C&T types in BH.......25 

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.....N/A 

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 0

Weight.............................................. 1.36 gm


Reverse lettering same as per C/T # L.86, scarce spelling of London mint name; obverse lettering as per C/T L.88.


Notes: Images courtesy of Dix Noonan Webb, coin auction Feb 11th 2015, lot 62

Provenance: Jim Sazama collection. 

Coin Ref # LNNC1001

As seen in class 1b, the class 1b/2 mules present another group where there is a lot of variety in different types, with much of the variation being in minor differences in pellets in the legend. However other variations are perhaps more useful in sub-dividing this class. In the scheme presented below I have looked on the obverse as to whether hENRICVS is spelt with an "N" or an "H" and more importantly the style of the letter R, and on the reverse I have primarily considered the spelling of London. Types with an R other than type R1 are rarer.

Class 1b/2 Mule

Nicole


Obv: hEHRICUS R.EX ANG - with HR & AN both ligated. Pellets on both Es.  Five pellets under crown. Note the pellets either side of hair curls. R type 1?


Rev: HIC/OLC/OHL/VHD -No ligations. Note a C rather than an E in 2nd quadrant. RIC:10.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 98

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 24

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin: L.89 sim    (L.89 obv., with L.92/L.95 reverse).

Number of coins of this type in BH: ......... n/a


Notes: L.89 is a relatively common type for obverse, but not with this reverse. Coin is in extremely fine condition. A coin in the author's collection, ex Mike Vosper, July 2013.

Coin Ref # LNNC1002

Note: The "Coin Ref #" given below each coin relates to the specific coin not to the type of coin.  It is provided as an aid to communication for anyone wishing to refer to a specific coin on this website.

London Mint : Class 1b/2 Mules