​The Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 

Class 3bc

Philip  (son of Robert)


Obv: hENRICUS [REX] III'.    ENR ligated (characteristic of class 3bc). Neck.


Rev: PHI/LIP/ONN/[ORh] - Philip occurs as moneyer at only two mints, with only one commencing with "N" -  Northampton.

RIC: ~7


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH.......29

Number of different C&T types in BH.......4 

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin...Nor.79 

Number of coins of this type in BH..........2  


Notes:  Images courtesy of the finder of the 2015 Bridgnorth Area Hoard.  [Finder's ref # 99]

Northampton 


At Northampton there was an important Castle where parliament was sometimes held; It was the first major Norman Castle a day’s ride from London. The favourite castle of King John, who visited 30 times, he moved his royal treasury to the Castle in 1205, and the Castle was associated with a mint. Henry III undertook major works at Northampton Castle from 1248. So great was the disruption during the improvements that it became inconvenient to hold the great tournaments until the work was almost completed in 1265-6. Simon de Montfort seized Northampton in 1264, and lost it again. He was finally defeated and slain at the Battle of Evesham in August 1265. This was a disruptive time and Henry was enraged at the behaviour of the University students in Northampton, and forced their return to Oxford decreeing that ‘no scholars (are) permitted to reside in Northampton’. 


​Northampton is a fairly common provincial mint for the voided long cross pennies, with 888 coins documented in the Brussels hoard. Moneyers were Lucas Parmentarius, Philip the son of Robert, Thomas Rinne, and William of Gangy.  Output of all the moneyers was fairly even, when considering both major hoards.   Northampton was amongst the earliest provincial mints to issue coins, and 10 specimens of class 2b1 are known from the Brussels hoard. Equally scarce are coins of class 3ab2.  Note that no coins of class 3a2 were found in the Brussels hoard.


Class 2 coins are shown on a separate page.

Page updated Feb 26th 2016

Class 3bc

Willem (William of Gangy)


Obv: Obv: hEHRICVS REX III - with pellet after REX​​      HHR ligated, not EHR.  Inital mark type 4.


Rev: WIL/LEM/OHN/ORh’​ - with EM, OH and OR ligated.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 8

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 2

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Nor 89

Number of coins of this type in BH............4


Notes:   Reverse off-centre, toned, very fine, a rare moneyer.​ Image courtesy of A.H. Baldwin & Sons, London.  Coin ex Brussels Hoard and was auctioned 27th Sept., 2012, Lot # 2496

Class 3bc

Lucas (Lucas Parmentarius)


Obv: hEHRICVS REX III with pellet after REX

Rev: LVC/ASO/HH/ORh’​ - with OR ligated


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 26

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 6

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Nor 74

Number of coins of this type in BH...........10


Notes:  Small bend in rim, reverse off-centre, toned, very fine  Image courtesy of A.H. Baldwin & Sons, London.  Coin ex Brussels Hoard and was auctioned 27th Sept., 2012, Lot # 2493

Classes 3bc and 3c

Coin Ref # NHPP3003

Class 3bc

Philip (Philip son of Robert)


Obv: hEHRICVS REX III - with pellet after REX

Rev: PhI/LIP/ONN/ORh’ - with ON & OR ligated.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 29

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 4

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Nor 81

Number of coins of this type in BH...........18


Notes:  Toned, very fine.  Image courtesy of A.H. Baldwin & Sons, London.  Coin ex Brussels Hoard and was auctioned 27th Sept., 2012, Lot # 2494

Class 3bc

Tomas (Thomas Rinne)


Obv: Obv: hEHRICVS REX III - with pellet after REX​

Rev: TOM/ASO/NN/ORh​ - OM & OR ligated.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 16

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 5

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Nor 84

Number of coins of this type in BH...........6


Notes:   Reverse a little off-centre, toned.

Image courtesy of A.H. Baldwin & Sons, London. Coin ex Brussels Hoard and was auctioned 27th Sept., 2012, Lot # 2495

Coin Ref # NHWM3003

Coin Ref # NHLC3002

Coin Ref # NHTM3002

Class 3bc

Willem (William of Gangy)


Obv: Obv: hENRICVS REX III - ENR ligated,with pellet after REX​​

Rev: WIL/LEM/OHN/ORh’​ - with EM, OH and OR ligated.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 8

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 2

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Nor 88

Number of coins of this type in BH............4


Notes:   Differs from Nor 89 in having hEN not hEH on obverse.   Image courtesy of Mark Winiger - a coin in his collection.

Coin Ref # NHWM3004

Coin Ref # NHPP3040