​The Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 

Class 2b1

Willem (William of Gangy).


Obv: hENRICVS REX TERCI', NR ligated, X type 4. IM type 3. 

          

Rev: WIL/LEM/ONH/ORh - EM NH & OR ligated, Lombardic M with the letter E overlapping the first segment.   RIC: 8.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........  2

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 2 

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Nor 8 

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 1

Weight ...............................................1.38 gm.


Provenance: Ex Greek hoard, ex Lord Stewartby collection, auctioned by Spink, June 2016, lot # 616b. 


Class 2b1

Willem (William of Gangy).


Obv: hEHRICVS REX TERCI', HR ligated, IM type 3. 

          

Rev: WIL/LEM/ONH/ORh - EM NH & OR ligated, Lombardic M with the letter E overlapping the first segment.  RIC: 8.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........  2

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 2 

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Nor 8 

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 1


Notes: Images courtesy of Mark Winiger.


Coin Ref # NHWM2002

Coin Ref # NHWM2001

Coin Ref # NHTM2001

Coin Ref # NHPP2001

Class 2b1

Philip


Obv: hEHRICVS REX TERCI 

          

Rev: PHI/LIP/ONN/ORh  - NN and OR ligated.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 3

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 2 

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Nor 4 

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 2

Weight .......1.41   gm.


Provenance: The William Conte collection. ex North; ex Spink Jan. 1972.

Images: © The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. Accession number:  CM.1336-2001


Class 2b1

Willem (William of Gangy).


Obv: hEHRICVS REX TERCI’   

          

Rev: WIL/LEM/ONH/ORh  - EM, ONH & OR ligated.

Lombardic M with the letter E overlapping the first segment. RIC: 7-8


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 2

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 2 

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin: Nor 8

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 1

Weight ............................................... 1.45 gm.


Notes: Nor.7 has an unligated "OHH" in 3rd quadrant of the reverse, and EM is unligated, with the M being of the normal type, not Lombardic.


Provenance: The William Conte collection. ex North; ex P. Finn 7.12.1993.Images: © The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. Accession number:  CM.1338-2001


Northampton 


At Northampton there was an important Castle where parliament was sometimes held; It was the first major Norman Castle a day’s ride from London. The favourite castle of King John, who visited 30 times, he moved his royal treasury to the Castle in 1205, and the Castle was associated with a mint. Henry III undertook major works at Northampton Castle from 1248. So great was the disruption during the improvements that it became inconvenient to hold the great tournaments until the work was almost completed in 1265-6. Simon de Montfort seized Northampton in 1264, and lost it again. He was finally defeated and slain at the Battle of Evesham in August 1265. This was a disruptive time and Henry was enraged at the behaviour of the University students in Northampton, and forced their return to Oxford decreeing that ‘no scholars (are) permitted to reside in Northampton’. 


​Northampton is a fairly common provincial mint for the voided long cross pennies, with 888 coins documented in the Brussels hoard. Moneyers were Lucas Parmentarius, Philip the son of Robert, Thomas Rinne, and William of Gangy.  Output of all the moneyers was fairly even, when considering both major hoards.   Northampton was amongst the earliest provincial mints to issue coins, and 10 specimens of class 2b1 are known from the Brussels hoard. Equally scarce are coins of class 3ab2.  Note that no coins of class 3a2 were found in the Brussels hoard.

Coin Ref # NHWM2075

Page updated: July 2nd 2017

Coin Ref # NHWM2111

Class 2b1

Willem (William of Gangy).


Obv: hEHRICUS REX III'  - Unusually, this coin has mintmark type 3*.


Rev: WIL/LEM/OHH/ORh' - with EM ligated.


C/T Type: Nor 7


Comments: Not in great condition, but a rare coin, with only two specimens found in the Brussels Hoard, each with different reverse text. 

This coin sold in DNW auction, 4th Dec 2013, part of lot 2319.  Image courtesy of DNW, and the coin owner.

Class 2b1

Tomas (Thomas Rinne)


Obv: hEHRICVS REX TERCI’   

          

Rev: TOM/ASO/OHH/ORh  - OM, HH and OR ligated. Note the spelling error - an unnecesary additional "O".


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 2

Number of different C&T types in BH.......2

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... n/a

Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 0

Weight ............................................. 1.45 gm.


Provenance: The William Conte collection.  Images: © The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. Accession number:  CM.1337-2001