​The Long Cross Pennies of Henry III 

Class 3a1

Tomas  (Thomas Rinne)


Obv: hEHRICUS REX III'   - HR ligated. small pellet after REX.


Rev: TOM/ASO/NNO/RhA

RIC: 7-8


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......35

Number of different C&T types in BH......4

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin...Nor 20 

Number of coins of this type in BH.........5  


Notes:  Images courtesy of the finder of the 2015 Bridgnorth Area Hoard.  [Finder's ref # 8]

Coin Ref # NHWM3001

Class 3ab1

Willem


Obv: hENRICUS REX ​III, with pellet after REX, mintmark 3.   Necklines.


Rev: WIL/LEM/OHH/ORh - with EM, HH and OR ligated.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........  20
Number of different C&T types in BH.......  4
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Nor.47
Number of coins of this type in BH........... 5


Notes - this is not one of the common varieties of Willem 3ab1, which have the first two letters of the 3rd quadrant ligated on the obverse legend. This one clearly shows the last two letters, HH, in the third quadrant to be ligated.   This coin sold on eBay, December 2013.

Coin Ref # NHPP3081

Coin Ref # NHTM3001

Coin Ref # NHTM3037

Page updated: Nov 4th 2016

Class 3a1

Philip


Obv: hENRICUS REX III'   - NR ligated. small pellet after REX.


Rev: PHI/LIP/OHN/ORh - HN and OR ligated.

RIC: 6.5-8


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......29

Number of different C&T types in BH......6

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin...Nor 14

Number of coins of this type in BH......... 5

Weight .............................................. 1.24 gm


Notes:  Ex Lord Stewartby, coin auctioned by Spink, June 2016, lot 625b. Bt A H Baldwin 2002

Class 3ab1

Tomas


Obv: hEHRICUS REX ​III, with pellet after REX

Rev: TOM/AS/OHH/HOR - with OM, OHH and OR ligated.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 51

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 8

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Nor 37

Number of coins of this type in BH...........4


Notes - One of the scarcer varieties of Tomas 3ab1 - note the unusual ligation of OHH in the 3rd quadrant. Image courtesy of CNG, auction 313, lot# 596.

NHWM3005

Class 3ab1

Willem (William of Gangy)


Obv: hEHRICUS REX III'   HR ligated, pellet after REX,  Irregular initial mark (illustrated). The last two digits of III look as if they have an N crossbar. 


Rev: WIL/LEM/ONN/ORh' - EM, ON and OR ligated.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 77  
Number of different C&T types in BH....... 5
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin..... 49
Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 62

Notes:   This was the commonest of the 5 types found in the Brussels Hoard. Coin offered by Halls Hammered Coins, 2015. [HHC2894].

Coin Ref # NHTM3004

Class 3a1

Tomas


Obv: hENRICUS REX ​III', with pellet after the X.

Rev: TOM/ASO/HHO/RhA - with OM & HH ligated


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 35

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 4

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Nor .19

Number of coins of this type in BH...........3


Notes -   One of the scarcer types as the HH in third quadrant is ligated, more commonly it is not. Image courtesy of CNG. Auction 20th Nov 2013, Lot #556.

Coin Ref # NHWM3006

Class 3a1

William


Obv: hEHRICUS REX III' - with pellet after REX. HR ligated. 


Rev: WIL/LEM/ONN/ORh - EM, NN & OR ligated.


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 20
Number of different C&T types in BH.......  4
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin..... Nor.25
Number of coins of this type in BH..........  4


Notes: This coin is ex the William Conte collection. Images courtesy of the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. Accession number:  CM.1360-2001 

Coin Ref # NHTM3003

Class 3a1

Tomas


Obv: hEHRICUS REX III' - with pellet after REX. HR ligated.  Beard of double row of pellets. IM 3.


Rev: TOM/ASO/HHO/RhA - with OM & HH ligated


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH......... 35
Number of different C&T types in BH....... 4
Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin..... Nor 19
Number of coins of this type in BH.......... 3


Notes: This coin is ex the William Conte collection. ex North; ex Spink May 1971; ex Colchester hd, lot 108.  Images courtesy of the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. Accession number:  CM.1359-2001 

Coin Ref # NHLC3001

Class 3a1

Lucas


Obv: hENRICUS REX ​III', mintmark 3

Rev: LVC/ASO/NN/ORh - with OR ligated


Coins of this class & moneyer in BH........ 32

Number of different C&T types in BH....... 3

Churchill & Thomas Type for this coin.... Nor 10

Number of coins of this type in BH...........9


Notes - In contrast, the commonest type in the BH, Nor 9, reads HHO in the 3rd quadrant, and the scarcest, Nor 11, reads NNO.  Image courtesy of CNG. Auction 23 Oct 2013, Lot #594.

Northampton 


At Northampton there was an important Castle where parliament was sometimes held; It was the first major Norman Castle a day’s ride from London. The favourite castle of King John, who visited 30 times, he moved his royal treasury to the Castle in 1205, and the Castle was associated with a mint. Henry III undertook major works at Northampton Castle from 1248. So great was the disruption during the improvements that it became inconvenient to hold the great tournaments until the work was almost completed in 1265-6. Simon de Montfort seized Northampton in 1264, and lost it again. He was finally defeated and slain at the Battle of Evesham in August 1265. This was a disruptive time and Henry was enraged at the behaviour of the University students in Northampton, and forced their return to Oxford decreeing that ‘no scholars (are) permitted to reside in Northampton’. 


​Northampton is a fairly common provincial mint for the voided long cross pennies, with 888 coins documented in the Brussels hoard. Moneyers were Lucas Parmentarius, Philip the son of Robert, Thomas Rinne, and William of Gangy.  Output of all the moneyers was fairly even, when considering both major hoards.   Northampton was amongst the earliest provincial mints to issue coins, and 10 specimens of class 2b1 are known from the Brussels hoard. Equally scarce are coins of class 3ab2.  Note that no coins of class 3a2 were found in the Brussels hoard.


Class 2 coins are shown on a separate page.